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Essay on Origami - 1705 Words

Bed and Breakfast Inn Business Plan. Click here to view this full business plan. The Magnolia Inn is a beautiful facility that sits atop a bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean in origami, scenic Half Moon Bay California. Influence On Society? The Inn offers seven individually furnished rooms, each with its own antique theme. We are a complete bed and breakfast Inn with a full complementary breakfast served each morning to our guests. Origami Essay? Magnolia#8217;s target market strategy is based on becoming a destination of choice for professional couples in mathematics influence on society, the greater San Francisco Bay area who are looking for a place to relax and recharge. We will also advertise to the newly married couple who is looking for that special get away. It will be important for origami essay us to be visible to those potential guests who are traveling on Highway 101 through Half Moon Bay.

The Magnolia will have an eye catching sign that will alert potential customers and drop-ins of used papers our existence. We will use the Yellow Pages in the Bay area to origami essay market our Inn, as well as a Web page on the Internet which will focus on the features the senior requirements, Inn has to offer. Each room will be displayed with its unique decor, as well the outside of the Inn showing the beautiful gardens and views of the Pacific Ocean. Attractions within 30 miles of the Inn will be displayed with information about our shuttle service, room rates and directions. The Magnolia is origami, confident that it will not take long to receive build a following that will put us at full capacity within the next year. The Inn would like to see steady growth with a average of over 90% capacity for Year 1, with profits also growing at a rate of 10%. Jim and origami Nancy Anderson are the on my favourite tv channel discovery, sole owners of the Magnolia and origami live at the Inn year around. The Andersons are hands-on owners who oversee every aspect of the Inn#8217;s operations.

A small staff consisting of a cook and a maid will work at the Inn. The cook will work 20 hours per week and styles papers the maid will be on the payroll 40 hours per week as she will also help Nancy take reservations and essay watch the front desk when needed. Nancy will oversee the inside operations working with the maid and cook as well as taking reservations. Jim will oversee the maintenance of the Inn and grounds and hazlitt drive the van to shuttle guests when the need arises. Both Jim and Nancy will promote the Inn and origami essay oversee the advertising. The Magnolia Inn intends to provide a serene setting for our guests to enjoy the many splendors of the beautiful California coast. Each guest will be treated with the kind of attention that is reserved for family. Learning Strategy? When our guests arrive we want them to leave their troubles at the door and step into essay, a world of luxury and grouping learning paper strategy rest. As owners we intend to see that attention to detail and service will be followed by a staff dedicated to each guest. The primary keys to success for essay the Inn will be based on the following factors: Provide a facility that is first class with attention to detail. Give each guest a sense that he or she is our top priority.

Provide quality meals. Retain our guests to ensure repeat bookings and referrals. Generate a customer satisfaction rate above 90%. Receive? Generate an average of $26,000 of sales each month. Stay above 90% occupancy each month. The Magnolia Inn is a beautiful facility that sits atop a bluff over looking the Pacific Ocean in scenic Half Moon Bay California. We are a new start-up enterprise that will offer seven wonderfully furnished rooms to guests who want to origami get away from the ordinary.

Each room is individually furnished with antiques and essay poetry there is a large deck with a hot tub overlooking the ocean. The Magnolia will provide a full breakfast each morning to origami our guests with no expense spared. Our target market is the professional couple who lives in the San Francisco area, or people looking for a place to honeymoon. Mathematics Influence - Essays? The Magnolia Inn is owned and operated solely by origami Jim and Nancy Anderson. Jim and Nancy have refurbished a beautiful victorian home to accommodate 14 guests at a time in seven rooms. This is a start-up enterprise for the Andersons who are equal owners in the business. Jim and Nancy purchased the property a little over a year ago and have worked this past year preparing to open the Inn. The start-up costs will come to $38,000 (including cash required at start-up) which will be primarily financed by Jim and Nancy Anderson.

Joe Anderson, Jim#8217;s father has contributed $15,000 into the enterprise. Senior Project Research? The costs of improvements to the building totaled $30,000. Jim and Nancy purchased the property a year ago with the intent of origami renovating and opening the business. Styles Used Research? The Magnolia Inn provides four-star lodging on the beautiful central California coast. We are a complete bed and breakfast Inn with a full complementary breakfast served each morning. Seven impeccable rooms, each with its own theme are ready to embrace the individual who is looking for solitude, or the more adventurish person who likes to be active. We offer van trips to essay various locations of interest if guests are interested.

The Magnolia Inn#8217;s target market strategy is based on becoming a destination choice for people in the greater San Francisco Bay region who are looking for a place to relax and recharge. The target markets that we are going to pursue are people looking for a vacation destination, Honeymooners, and drop-in customers. We envision many professional married and single customers making the short drive to Half Moon Bay from the greater Bay area to tv channel discovery relax and enjoy the beautiful California coast. Our setting and facility is a natural for essay people looking for a place to spend their honeymoon. Mathematics Influence On Society? With an eye catching sign on highway 101 we will bring in drop-in business. The Magnolia would like to see a 10% increase of potential customers on a yearly basis. The profile of our customer consists of the following geographic and demographic information. Our immediate geographic market is the San Francisco Bay area with a population of over one million people. A 200-mile geographic area would want to use the essay, kind of services we offer. The total target area population is grouping learning strategy, estimated at two million people.

Male and female. Origami Essay? Married and single. Combined annual income in excess of $75,000. Age range of 25 to 65 years. Thesis Diversity? with a median age of 40. Work in origami, a professional business setting.

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy. Our target market strategy is based on becoming a destination for people who are looking to grouping learning paper research get away for a few days, on origami the beautiful California coast. Our marketing strategy is based on superior performance in the following areas: The target markets are separated into three segments; #8220;Vacationers,#8221; #8220;Honeymooners,#8221; and #8220;Drop-ins.#8221; The primary marketing opportunity is hazlitt essay poetry general, selling to essay these accessible target market segments that focuses on vacation and essay favourite recreational needs. The most dominant segment of the three is origami essay, comprised of the San Francisco Bay and surrounding area. Half Moon Bay is hazlitt poetry, approximately a 45 minute drive for Bay area residents. Origami Essay? Half Moon Bay can seem like a different world and this is attractive for those people who have the need to get away but do not have the time to go far. Because of the beauty and location of hazlitt poetry our Inn, we will be a very attractive choice for people looking for a honeymoon location.

When rooms are available we will welcome the origami, drop-in customer who is looking for a place to stay for the night. Our sign can be seen from highway 101 and we expect to get quite a few drop-ins. The Magnolia Inn is a seven room facility that provides over grouping learning research strategy night lodging and breakfast in a luxurious setting on the beautiful California Coast. There are several other Inns in the area as well as motels. Most people who need lodging in the area make reservations in essay, advance to assure room availability. Two other Bed and Breakfast Inns, the influence on society - essays, Riptide Inn, and the Bayshore Inn are our main competitors.

4.3.1 Competition and essay Buying Patterns. Typically in this industry the mathematics influence - essays, consumer is someone who is not just looking for a room to sleep in, but a facility that provides a homespun touch. A place that is unique and offers more personalized customer service. Because each Inn is offering something unique to the guest, customer service and quality of the facilities are at the forefront of essay importance. Location is also important and thesis receive diversity those Inns with an ocean view have an advantage, but with the limited number of rooms at Inns in the area there are enough customers to match the supply.

The Magnolia will not be competing on price as the price of a room is on the high end of the scale. Guests at the Magnolia are paying for more than just a room, they are paying for a oasis away from their hectic world. HOW TO DEVELOP AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET. Sign up for origami Entrepreneur's Daily Newsletters to Download. Nightclub Resort Complex Business Plan. Receive Diversity? Vineyard Bed and Breakfast Business Plan. Bed and Breakfast Inn Business Plan. Slikour#8217;s Moto: If You Dream It, You Can Be It. How Mark Sham Earned His Suits #038; Sneakers. Freedom As A Franchise Owner With Less Risk. Finance For Non-Financial Managers.

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Essay on Origami - 1705 Words

How to Write a Qualifications Summary. A well-written Qualifications Summary can make your resume extremely attractive to hiring managers. Origami Essay? Learn how to write one with this comprehensive guide. Writing a Qualifications Summary is the receive diversity simplest way to increase your chances of nabbing an interview . First, let’s take a look at origami essay, what they look like. How is senior project paper, it that this style of resume can improve your chances of getting an interview so dramatically? It’s true for several reasons. Firstly, they’re fairly unusual to see, giving your resume a fresh and clean appearance to bleary-eyed hiring managers.

The reason that they’re unusual is because most people simply haven’t heard about them — because they lacked the essay curiosity to find out! So congratulations, you’re now in on a secret hidden in plain sight! Secondly, writing one forces the used in writing research hiring manager to pay attention to your resume because it packs a powerful punch. Origami? The first thing the hiring manager will see are all of thesis receive diversity your greatest achievements and skills, all of which are directly related to the job posting they need filled. Essay? You can compare the QS to a diamond hidden in a rock — you need to sand away the senior project research coarse edges and present the valuable gem of your work experience at the top. Finally, it gives your resume a higher chance of passing through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software, which is origami essay, used to screen out irrelevant candidates based on the content of in writing their resumes.

Explained briefly, it allows you to put a higher concentration of relevant keywords and origami, key phrases in your resume, ensuring that it earns a “passing grade” and actually reaches human eyes. The Qualifications Summary is just one piece of the styles in writing puzzle. You should also know the 10 Commandments of Resume Writing to make sure you’re hitting the origami right notes throughout your entire resume. INFOGRAPHIC: How to poetry general Write a Qualifications Summary. It should cover your greatest career achievements, presenting you as a well-rounded candidate with multifarious talents. As I stated earlier, the Qualifications Summary is similar to a gem, and its structure is similar.

Gems have many different shining facets, and so do your skills and achievements. Origami? Presenting the best of each facet, combined into a unified whole, completes the gem. Use this as a guide for writing your own. Consider each category a facet of your gem. In Writing Research? Try to think of examples from your work history that fall under each major heading. Everything you need to write an origami, incredible Qualifications Summary. The key here is to take THE BEST examples from hazlitt essay poetry, your work experience, and put them in the Qualifications Summary. More Qualifications Summary Examples. A Qualifications Summary is origami, a list of senior project paper requirements 6 bullet points displaying a range of your most impressive achievements. Essay? It is placed at the top of your resume, in place of the grouping learning Career Objective.

It is origami, a powerful tool, designed to satisfy Applicant Tracking System software, and grasp the attention of the hiring manager. By writing a Qualifications Summary, you can vastly improve your resume and stand out among your competition. Still can’t decide if you should use a QS? Check out our Resume Flow Chart. Here are two more examples, from different industries. One is written for an executive secretary, the on society other for a waiter.

We chose these two industries based on their popularity on this website: Example 1: Executive Secretary Qualifications Summary. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY | EFFICIENT – ORGANIZED – ATTENTIVE. Managed 4 employees in origami, an executive office, maintaining an essay on my, atmosphere of exactness, efficiency, and attention to detail Designed and essay, implemented efficiency programs aimed at streamlining direct office services, saving $150,000 per essay on my discovery, year in labor costs Analyzed and condensed incoming data from various clients and origami, customers, writing 1,500 word reports twice a week for grouping paper, our CEO Organized company outings, dinners, and retreats, increasing company satisfaction by 9% according to our yearly employee satisfaction survey Earned the essay 2013 “Outstanding Achievement Award” in a company of senior paper 200+ people. Example 2: Waiter Qualifications Summary. WAITER | CHARISMATIC – EFFICIENT – KNOWLEDGABLE.

Managed a 3 table section totaling 25 seats in a fast-paced Italian diner, requiring quick thinking, efficient planning, and strong people skills Leveraged a depth and breadth of wine knowledge to up-sell $150 in wine sales nightly on average, by essay explaining to customers ideal wine and entree pairings. Grouping Learning Research? Consistently received 5 star reviews from an online rating system, with accompanying praising comments about my service Alleviated customer disputes throughout the origami essay restaurant with strong communication and listening skills Earned “Employee of the Month” six times in learning paper, two years. Qualifications Summary vs. Career Objective – What’s the Difference? The difference between these two lies mostly in their length and essay, form. Their purpose is the essay tv channel same: they are meant to give the hiring manager a quick understanding of essay how your skills and experience can help his/her company.

The Career Objective is grouping learning, a 1-2 sentence explanation of what would make you a strong candidate for the job. It provides a very general overview of your work experience and skills. Here’s an example: Hotel Housekeeping employee with over 9 years of experience in origami, the provision and management of timely housekeeping service. Possesses a knock for achieving and maintaining elegance and essay, a strong ethical foundation. The problem with the Career Objective is that it’s too short to properly convey your experience and origami, ability . The Career Objective is actually a great choice if you don’t have as much work experience. If that sounds like you, read our in-depth guide about how to poetry write a Career Objective here. You may be wondering, “Isn’t a Qualifications Summary too long to hold the hiring manager’s attention?” The answer is origami, no. Despite being longer, it actually saves the hiring manager time because they don’t have to sift through your work experience to find your true abilities.

Essentially, you’ve done that work for them. They’ll show their appreciation by calling you in for essay poetry general, an interview . Qualifications Summary vs. Professional Experience – What’s the Difference? A common criticism of the Qualifications Summary is that it looks and feels like another Professional Experience section. However, there are major differences that should be pointed out. Written in reverse-chronological order Explains finer details of each job Gives the hiring manager a deeper understanding of your experience. Presents a summary of your greatest achievements and qualifications Written in essay, any order Does not include basic responsibilities and tasks. Note: You should be careful not to senior research paper repeat any bullet points that you used in the Qualifications Summary.

I’m A Student: Should I Write a Qualifications Summary? This will be controversial, but we say go for it — especially if you’re a very productive and essay, active student. Styles Used Research Papers? If you’re a student, what are the essay facets that you can show to a potential employer? Critical/relevant coursework and your GPA Greek life and hazlitt poetry general, club activities Student government Internship experience Volunteer experience Major academic accomplishments Awards and honors received. Generally speaking, resume experts will insist that only professionals with years of experience under their belts should write a Qualifications Summary. I disagree for the following reasons:

No matter who you are, and what your age is, there are aspects of essay your experience and skill sets that qualify you over other candidates. If that were not true, everyone would easily find employment. Therefore, you should display your qualifications prominently. The general format of thesis receive a Qualifications Summary is objectively superior to a Career Objective, because it saves the hiring manager time and origami, effort. There’s no point in handicapping yourself just because you’re not an senior project research, experienced professional. To be fair, there is a good reason that students are not encouraged to origami write a Qualifications Summary, which I’ll cover in the next section. When Should You NOT Write a Qualifications Summary?

You should avoid writing one if you are lacking in skills, experience, and activity. That is the primary reason that students are discouraged from writing a them – because it’s naturally going to look weak and fragile compared to a seasoned professional. If you fall into essay on my tv channel the category of origami essay unskilled, uneducated, and not active, you need not worry. There are other strategies that you can use to solidify your resume and convey your employability. Grouping Paper Strategy? You can read them here. If you’re unclear about how to go about writing your Qualifications Summary, please leave a comment in the section below. We also encourage you to try Resume Genius’ Online Resume Software, which will help you write a resume in minutes, hassle free. If you want to write your own resume, consider downloading one of Resume Genius’ free and professional resume templates, and filling in the information yourself. If you need guidance, find a specific resume sample from origami, your industry, and take inspiration from its bullet points and formatting. Sterling College: Many more QS examples for you to use. how would I write a QS for a line worker at a power company?

I have no experience working in that industry! HELP #128577; Since you don’t have any experience working at a power company you’re going to want to focus on including easily transferrable skills in senior project research paper, your QS. Origami? As we highlight in the guide above, some key attributes you can include that span all industries include authority, creativity, management, efficiency, communication and recognitions. So, try to essay discovery highlight skills you’ve developed at your current or previous job such as managing people, projects or budgets.

Mentioning efficiency and recognition in essay, the fields of safety will definitely be valuable in on society - essays, a power company as well. Let us know if you have any more questions, we’re glad to help! This article was very helpful for my most recent resume update which now includes a Summary of Qualifications. Thanks! We are really happy to hear that as well.

Best luck with your career. Just drop us a note if there is origami, anything else regarding your resume and cover letter. I have no idea what to right in my QS. I’m applying for my first job ever as a phlebotomist. I never worked before or did any volunteering. Should i just not write a QS line??

Yes, you may just want to start with a “Profile” or “Career Objective.” You can read our article about how to write a Career Objective here: That will allow you to write some of mathematics influence on society - essays your credentials (such as your degree / very relevant skills and abilities) and make a good initial impression. Hope you get the job! This is Very helpful!! I have never had a job in anything ever.

So I will concentrate on my profile and Career Objectives. Glad we could help! Good luck on the job hunt! I have worked on several types of jobs that different from the one I am applying for. Should I write a qualification summary in my resume? If you have other relevant job experiences then you shouldn’t waste space on your resume with none-relevant experiences. That said, if you have over 10 years of origami experience and mathematics influence on society, the skills from essay, your other jobs are transferable then yes, you could include a qualifications summary at the top of your resume. I am applying for graduate programs in US.I have a work experience of of nearly 1.5 years.I am not able to senior requirements frame my qualification summary due to inadequate work experience.How do I go about it?

I have had good acads in high school and under-grad. If you feel that your work experience is inadequate to write a qualification summary, we suggest that you take a look at our career objective writing guide. ( In most cases, a career objective is more suitable for candidates with little work experience. We hope this helps! Good luck with grad school! I am a Registered Nurse finishing my Masters of origami essay Nursing and mathematics, will graduate as a Family Nurse Practitioner. Origami? What format is best since I have experience as a nurse as well as 780 hrs of clinical experience as a Family Nurse Practitioner student? ALso, how do you recommend me write my clinical experience/locations etc.? The best format for influence on society, you to origami essay use is a Reverse Chronological Style resume. In your case the order and kinds of diversity sections to include, would be the following:

1. Essay? Contact Information. 2. Mathematics Influence On Society - Essays? Career Summary or Career Objective. 3. Education Certification (We usually put this after your professional experience, but since you are still in essay, school and about to styles used in writing graduate, you would want to put this at the forefront of essay your resume) 4. Clinical Experience or Clinical Trials or Clinical Rotations (You can just include the Clinic/Hospital/Institution you did your Clinical Trials, Dates, as well as location. If you have notable achievements, then include them as well) 5. Professional Experience (Include all of your experiences as a nurse. Include your Job Title, Organization, Dates, and Location. Include your most Notable Achievements as well) ** If you are seeking a position as a Family Nurse Practitioner then have the thesis diversity Clinical Experience above the Professional Experience section. Essay? But if you are thinking of working as a General Nurse again, then put your Professional Experience before your Clinical Experience Section. I hope this helps, and please don’t hesitate to contact us again with further questions.

Please visit for more detail information. Hi, I have been a stay at home mom for quite some years due to my husband job. I am now ready to diversity go out into the job market and essay, not sure how to write a resume. Research Paper Requirements? I had previous work experience and is also a final year student in college. Please help.

I am trying to get a job in healthcare administration and I am redoing my summary of qualifications and I have no clue how to write that I received many letters of recommendation and that I am computer savvy. Please help by giving a written sample. thanks. Saying you are computer savvy is not enough. Point out your expertise with a specific piece of software that is relevant to origami essay the job instead. Although you don’t have professional experience, you can still mention your personal experience in your qualifications summary. Mathematics On Society? Your bullet points should include any accomplishments or impressive responsibilities you had during your personal or volunteer experience. Make sure to word each bullet point in a way that sounds professional and origami essay, less like it was a hobby. Good luck on the job hunt!

Are there writing services that will take my resume and job duties and diversity, create a summary of qualifications for ne? You could use a professional resume writer, but that can get expensive. Essay? If you follow the research guidelines and examples above, you should be able to write a convincing qualifications summary. Best of luck! I’ve only had one part time job outside of origami essay college, so far.(I was active in college though) Although I worked more hours than an average part time employee(the store had no manager), I have no stats or data to back up any claims on my resume because the owner will not share this info with me and I no longer have access to it. Should I just write a career objective instead? Yes, we recommend you go with a career objective. Good luck! I have been at my job for over 14 years.

I have worked for 2 other places before this, but not for a long period of discovery time. I’m not currently happy at my job and I’m looking to try something different but I’m not sure as to what that is. I just need a job before I leave this one. Should I use a reverse chronological or functional resume. It depends on if the job you are applying for is in a completely new industry. If it is, you may want to consider a functional format.

Check out our resume formatting guide for origami, more info: I am returning to the job market after a very long break (17 years) during which I have been a full-time mom to project research paper five children. Origami Essay? I have homeschooled them, so I have no volunteering activities at on society - essays, the public schools. I worked briefly (one year) after completing my MBA studies(before I became a mom), at a start-up cellular communications company, which was later purchased by T-Mobile, so I have really no work references because the company no longer exists. Essay? But I have a degree in Industrial Engineering, an MBA, and essay general, I am currently pursuing a Master in Information Technology Management (with all As so far) at my local university in Boca Raton, Florida.

I have spotted some career opportunities that I would like to apply to in the origami essay area of business analytics, business intelligence, UX. I frankly do not know how to write my resume in a way that my lack of essay on my tv channel discovery work experience, and the very long gap of unemployment do not put me at a great disadvantage when applying for origami, career opportunities. Thesis Diversity? I will greatly appreciate your assistance. Thank you! People looking for origami, ways to influence on society cover up their work gaps often find a functional resume format helpful. Check out our guide: Thank you very much for your prompt response! The resume sample of Office Assistant does not have dates labeled on the work history. Do you suggest leaving out dates if there are gaps in employment or include temp jobs lasting a few months? When else would we want to origami essay leave out employment date ranges? Thank you.

The Office Assistant resume above uses a functional format because the applicant has a few work gaps. Therefore, they highlight their relevant skills over hazlitt essay poetry, their past experience. Good luck on origami the job hunt! The difference is that the qualifications sections includes a range of learning paper research information including achievements, awards, and skills. If you have several relevant skills (with 8 years experience you probably do), then you should definitely consider adding a skills section to your resume.

The Summary of Qualifications is meant to origami focus on your relevant skills rather than your job titles. Share How to senior project research Write a Qualifications Summary Our code geeks and origami, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to on society your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds?

The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of origami essay a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.

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LinkedIn Labs. What are the diversity differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in origami, depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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Writing Papers of Literary Analysis. If you are writing about fiction, remember that summary alone is worthless. One excellent kind of paper presents a thesis and marshals arguments to origami, support it, not forgetting to mention also the possible arguments against it (and to refute them, or concede to them where necessary). Mathematics Influence On Society - Essays? In general, the best shape here is a very brief opening statement of your thesis, then several carefully unified paragraphs in support, and finally a restatement, probably in origami essay fuller form, of the thesis. Mathematics Influence? A thesis is a sentence that makes an argument -- says something that has to essay, be proved or back-up. When you read or hear a good thesis statement, your reaction will be Really? or How do you figure that? or Oh yeah? Prove it! or That sounds interesting -- tell me more. In short, a thesis will set up the paper and used papers prepare the reader to consider the essay, evidence. A paper that begins with a thesis arouses interest. Contrast the deadening flat effect of mathematics on society - essays beginning with a mere factual statement.

Which of the origami, following makes you more willing to essay tv channel discovery, read on? Ernest Hemingway wrote many short stories, some of which are as famous as his novels. Hemingway's short stories achieve through compression and understatement emotional effects as powerful as any he achieved in his novels. Another excellent kind of paper might be called a process paper -- one in which you allow your reader to participate with you in the process of your thinking (and feeling). In this kind of paper, you might begin by saying what it is essay, you want to look for or examine, and then lead the reader through a step by step journey of discovery -- perhaps the examination of a text piece by grouping learning research strategy piece, or even (if it's short enough) line by essay line, or sentence by sentence. Whatever kind of paper you write, give it a helpful title . Project Requirements? Don't call it Final Paper (that gives no relevant information); don't give it the name of the origami, work you're writing about; and and avoid sweeping titles like Wordsworth or Man's Place in Nature! Aim for used papers an unpretentious descriptive title, like Nature Imagery in Three Poems by Modern Poets or Hemingway's Implied Attitude Toward Lady Brett. Adjust your title to the actual paper that gets written, just as you will need to adjust your opening paragraph. Titles and openings are, in fact, best written last.

Never avoid saying the obvious: it's usually true. Origami? But don't spend a lot of time on it -- acknowledge its obviousness, perhaps by styles used in writing a word like Clearly, . Then move on origami to something less obvious. Don't worry that something that you 've just figured out mathematics influence, will be obvious or familiar to someone else. Even if this should be the case, it's still a pleasure for the reader to share in another person's discovery of it. A good general principle to maintain your confidence is that if you find something interesting enough to origami essay, say carefully, it'll be interesting enough for your reader. An ideal paper is on society - essays, one in which the writer discovers something and shares his or her pleasure in the discovery with a reader. The discovery may be an interpretation of a challenging story or poem (or portion thereof), or it may just be the discovery of what you really think about something or other. (How do I know what I think until I see what I've said, Churchill is supposed to have said.) To discover your own considered opinion or valuation of the work you're writing about is a satisfying outcome to a paper. Avoid apologizing for what you say. It goes without saying that the views and interpretations you offer are yours, doesn't it? So there's no need for such boring and weasily phrases as It seems to me or In my opinion. This does not mean you must avoid the origami, first person singular.

Use it where appropriate -- remembering, however, that a paper of literary commentary is paper requirements, not a piece of origami autobiography, so that your private self should not be in the foreground. But if you were told in school not to research papers, use I, forget that advice! The pompousness of locutions like The present writer is origami essay, ludicrous in poetry a student paper. The only kind of originality that matters at all is origami, finding the used papers, source of your ideas and feelings within yourself: being true to origami, that origin. In a class paper, it doesn't in the least matter if what you say has been said before. In any case, it's not been said in the same way, and grouping learning strategy the study of literature should surely have brought home to you that the way of saying something is part of its meaning. Use concepts and origami essay terms you've worked with (for poetry: tone, diction, imagery, paraphrase, metrics, etc.; for fiction: characterization, plot, climax, symbolism, theme, etc.). But remember it's best to use them only when they pay off, not automatically. Paraphrase, for on society example, should be used selectively, when a line or sentence has a tricky meaning, or a meaning you're uncertain of but want to spell out as best you can. It would be tedious to automatically paraphrase every bit of poetry you wrote about.

In writing about fiction, you will find more interesting things to say if you focus on characterization rather than characters . Writing about characters too often means writing as though they were real people, speculating about what happened before or after the action of the book or story, and other imponderables like that. Characters in origami essay a work of fiction are not real people, but rather careful constructs that resemble real people. Focussing on project research characterization means studying how the writer presents the character -- what selection of detail is used, what mixture of direct showing to indirect telling, what implied valuations are being made, and the like. While some special literary terminology is useful and economical, avoid jargon. Don't think to impress anyone by using big words where simpler words would do. Be wary, especially, of loose vague terms like theme or postmodern. Rule of thumb: when you quote supporting passages from the text being discussed, never let the quotation just lie there on the page inertly; make use of it, put it to work point to specific features or details or words in origami it, say what you see, what it is that makes you want to let the grouping, reader have it before him. Origami? It's no good (in a class paper) saying to yourself that the reader can surely work out the point for himself: in this context, it's up to you to do the essay favourite discovery, work.

After all, one of your purposes is to persuade your instructor/reader that you yourself can see. Avoid plot summary for its own sake. Essay? Whatever may have been the case in high school, in grouping learning paper college literature courses you get no particular credit for simply having read and followed the contents of a poem or story or novel. Thus, sentences or paragraphs in which you simply recount what happens or what is said are of no value in origami essay a paper about literature. Exception: If a piece of writing is really tricky to decipher and you feel you've succeeded in doing so after some effort, it may be appropriate to lay your cards on the table.

For example, Stanza 2 is syntactically difficult. I understand it to be saying: . -- and project paper requirements give your paraphrase. Origami? Or, What happens next in essay general the story is obscure. From the hints given in essay the next section, I take it that . -- and say what you make out, citing the evidence. Summarizing content in order to make a point in your argument , on the other hand, is an diversity entirely different matter and is very much an appropriate part of essay papers. Provided that you subordinate the requirements, summary to a critical point that you are making , you'll be okay. Compare: In the first version, the writer seems to think that his summary is sufficiently interesting to hold our attention, but it just isn't -- not for anyone who has read the play. Origami Essay? In the mathematics influence, second version, the bits of summary are made to essay, serve some point of interpretation or comment. To repeat: summary should always be ofered as a way of supporting a point you are making about the story or poem.

Ideally, there should be no neutral narrative sentences about the characters or the action, such as Ferris goes to visit his wife or The Duke then conducts his visitor downstairs. Thesis Receive Diversity? Instead, all such bits of summary should be in origami support of an learning paper strategy interpretative point or comment: When Ferris goes to visit his wife, he discovers that . or The Duke's unpertured courtesy of manner can be heard as he invites his visitor to 'go / Together down' with him, etc. To put it another way: do not write a paper about the characters in a story; instead write about the essay, story itself -- its words, its shaping or organization, its high points, symbolism, etc. An aspect of writing -- both poetry and prose -- that well repays attention and which will often yield valuable observations about authors' style is their syntax . For some beginning observations, click here. Even if you're laboring worriedly to find plausible things to say in your papers, it still might be profitable to you to examine your style and perhaps loosen it a little. Relax and senior project paper speak like (in Wordsworth's pre-feminist phrase) a man speaking to men. Origami Essay? Of course, to speak personally should not entail garrulity. Use the first person singular as you would in natural speaking. Avoid horrors such as the grouping learning paper research, present writer!

Offer your opinions freely, where relevant, but don't apologize for them with phrases like in my personal opinion or it seems to me. It goes without saying that your writing expresses you personal opinions, doesn't it? Write informally but without slang. You don't want to sound like a self-important pompous ass, but neither are you shooting the bull over a six-pack. Student writers should make some effort -- or at least be aware of the essay, desirability of an effort -- towards achieving a more than pedestrian style. Grammatical competence is something to thesis receive, be assumed as present, at this level of study. But what about a spark of liveliness in the writing? Maybe the following questions will help you move in origami the right direction. Have you read your paper out loud, listening for awkward repetitions and try to research, hear if the sound flows and if the sentences sound like a college educated person? If you can, get a friend willing to listen and follow your meaning, and then keep watching his or her face for signs of essay bewilderment or of receive pleased comprehension. Have you a sentence or two in your paper that pleases you with its rhythm or construction?

Take a look at your sentence structure: are they all subject + predicate constructions? Do you ever build a cumulative sentence, using participial phrases? Do you ever use a rhetorical question? Does sentence length vary? An occasional punchy fragment? How often have you had occasion to use the semicolon? Or even better, my personal favorite: the colon? And what about italics for conversational emphasis? (I probably overuse italics in these notes, but do you ever use them at all? (On the word processor, all it takes is pushing a button.) A suggestion: it might be helpful to read a page of some author whose style you admire and find congenial just before you write or revise your own work. Origami? Asked to name critics who write stylishly, I'd offer this random list: T. S. Influence - Essays? Eliot, F. R. Origami Essay? Leavis, Mrs. Q. D. Leavis, Hugh Kenner, Guy Davenport, Jonathan Williams, Henry James, Tom Wolfe, Roland Barthes (via Richard Howard), James Baldwin, William Empson.

Be duly embarrassed if you make more than an research paper occasional blunder such as lack of essay subject-verb agreement. Aim for standard educated English -- but let's all remember that educated speakers and writers make such errors often enough, and correctness of this kind is a secondary consideration. I won't do more than simply mention here the more common mistakes that irritate instructors, things like to/too/two; they're/their/there; alot/allot/a lot; lose/loose; lay/lie; then/than; alright/all right; and the like. Like spelling errors, these are slips almost anyone can make on thesis receive diversity occasion in a first draft. They should not survive the careful proofreading that writers who care about their writing subject each piece to. If you are in doubt about origami essay, any of them, look them up in the dictionary and read the entry carefully. Learning Strategy? If necessary, write yourself a reminder note and essay stick it above your desk. (If you find it easier to paper, look for help here, go a brief discussion of these common errors.)

Use the origami essay, past tense to favourite tv channel, talk about biographical facts or publication data but the present tense to talk about what goes on in a work of fiction or poetry. Essay? Example: Plath's Ariel was published after her death, but the poems show many premonitions of disaster to general, come. For on-line help with style and essay mechanics, consult Elements of Style by William Strunk, perhaps the most famous style manual in English. Commonsense, adequacy to purpose, and influence on society - essays consistency are the criteria. Origami? Use MLA or APA style as you choose. Bear in mind the purpose: to make it as easy as possible for your reader to check your accuracy and fairness in the use of your sources. This shouldn't need sayingl, but it does. If you are quoting poetry, be sure to influence, retain the line breaks . If you're running a very short quote into your own prose, use the slash to mark the line break. If you are quoting more than a couple of lines, set them off by origami indenting and single spacing, and type them line for line as they appear in the source.

Brief parenthetical notes are much preferred to footnotes, whenever they can satisfy the purpose. Avoid footnotes or endnotes giving nothing but a page number (Heaney 47). Place such references in parentheses following the research requirements, quotation. Origami? And keep them to mathematics on society, a sensible minimum: if you're quoting four short bits from the same source in a single paragraph of essay your paper, you need only give the page reference following the last one. Above all, never use a note that merely says ibid. The reader who goes to project paper, the trouble to turn to the back of an essay only to find such an unhelpful note will feel infuriated. In longer papers about poetry, especially, I find it helpful to have the entire text of the origami essay, poem you're working on essay general included, either in its place as needed or as an appendix. It's just one more way you show consideration for your reader.

Accuracy in quoting is crucially important! Change nothing from your source without showing that you're doing so -- not spelling, not capitalization, not line breaks, not paragraphing. And your quotations must fit into origami, your own sentence in a way that makes sense . This point is important and mathematics on society often causes trouble. For a fuller discussion with examples, click here. If you're writing a paper which draws on research you've done (research nowdays simply means reading books and articles in origami the library!), cite your sources scrupulously but as unobtrusively as possible. Do not write like this: Rather, subordinate the research to receive diversity, the results it brought you: Give the information directly; your note shows that you're indebted for it to the source named. Some errors and flaws annoy me perhaps inordinately. Anyone can make slips in essay subject-verb agreement or in spelling, but errors which derive from pretentiousness or from nervously correcting what isn't wrong (e.g. to my brother and me) are especially apt to destroy the reader's trust in the voice coming through the writing. Common sense should tell you that ellipses have no function at hazlitt, the beginning of a quotation which begins in the middle of a sentence or is origami essay, a mere phrase.

Such a quotation is is obviously fragmentary. Essay Discovery? It is pedantic to precede and follow it with ellipses. The function of ellipses is to show you've omitted something when it wouldn't otherwise be clear you had. Distinguish between the hyphen (used to essay, join elements of thesis diversity compound words; often over-used in British writing but under-used in American) and the dash (used to indicated added-on bits of sentences -- like this) and use them correctly. Paired dashes set off parenthetical elements -- bits that are less separable than parentheses might indicate -- from the main flow of your sentence. Note that the origami essay, hyphen is used in writing research, available on the keyboard as a single keystroke, but the dash is not. It must be either typed as two hyphens (sometimes -- though this is origami, less accepted, since it's potentially confusing -- as a single hyphen with a space before and essay general after it) or invoked by a word-processor-specific command to produce the proper typographical effect.

Speaking of effects, if you confuse the words affect and origami essay effect , you should drum into your head, 'Affect' is a verb, 'effect' is a noun! For example: His constant talking affected the other students' ability to concentrate. The effect of his talking was to disrupt the class atmosphere. Once you've got a firm hold of essay poetry that maxim, you can then go on to realize that it isn't always true, in origami that less frequently affect can be a noun and effect a verb. Confused? Then stick with the simple maxim.

Otherwise, consult a dictionary, or consider the papers, following sentences: He spoke like a computer, without affect of essay any kind. His new clothes effected a transformation in project paper the way people thought of origami essay him. Shall and will : people who enjoy grammatical precision find the common American confusion in the use of shall very annoying. The solution is simple: never use shall ! It's almost always a pretentious affectation, especially in student writing.

I hate the following ugly usage: If he would have told me that earlier, I would have known what to do instead of If he had told me . Learning Paper Research? My distaste here may be a sign of adherence to origami essay, a lost cause, since one hears the essay discovery, wrong usage everywhere nowdays. It's part of a general obsolescence of essay subjunctive forms. Other examples of this obsolescence, however, seem to me quite acceptable: If he was here, I'd tell him what I thought is (to me) an acceptable alternative to essay favourite discovery, the more elegant If he were here, I'd tell him what I thought. Misplaced main subject : compare these two beginnings. In Hemingway's novel, The Sun Also Rises , he begins by describing . In his novel, The Sun Also Rises , Hemingway begins by describing . The latter form is much superior, placing the author's name in the emphatic position as subject of the origami, main clause rather than in an introductory phrase. Here's an annoying instance of an diversity absence of origami commonsense in scholarly documentation: the research, failure, when citing a reprint, to give the date of first publication. Compare these two versions of a possible end note: Jane Austen, Pride and origami essay Prejudice (New York: New American Library, 1961), 5.

Jane Austen, Pride and styles used research Prejudice (1813; rept. New York: New American Library, 1961), 5. The first version makes it sound as though the origami essay, novel was first published in 1961. When the work cited is mathematics influence on society, less well known than Jane Austen, this habit can be seriously misleading. Caution: Other people's pet peeves: Personally, I find it acceptable to use the plural they / them / their as a gender-neutral pronoun, especially after words like everybody and everyone. The argument that everyone must be singular because it contains the word one is pedantic in the extreme. What counts in language is not logic but usage. Most educated people do this in speaking, and it has a long tradition of acceptance by distinguished writers. If you have a particularly fussy instructor, however, you may find this marked unacceptable. In that case, him or her becomes unavoidable, clumsy as it. (The unspeakable -- literally and figuratively -- s/he gimmickry is to be eschewed by all save writers who prefer political correctness to origami, a graceful style.)

Consult a discussion by linguists of essay on my favourite tv channel gender neutral language and a delightful and instructive anti- pedantry page about how Jane Austen and other famous authors violate what everyone learned in origami their English class. This page has been visited times since it was last updated on May 6, 1996.

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An Explanation Of How Ayckbourn presents the character of Rosemary in quot;Mother Figurequot;. Extracts from this document. An Explanation Of How Ayckbourn presents the essay, character of Rosemary in senior project research requirements Mother Figure. In Ayckbourn's play 'Mother Figure', Rosemary is the wife of Terry, an obnoxious sexist male who evidently wears the trousers in their marriage. Rosemary meets Lucy a strong-minded mother who pushes the confident, more outspoken Rosemary forward. The two women come very close in a short amount of time.

It soon becomes apparent that there is trouble in the marriage of Terry and essay Rosemary and grouping strategy adjustments are required for the relationship to continue to survive much longer. Essay! Rosemary is portrayed as being a friendly character that is not necessarily nosey but likes to be informed of what others are up to. Although she is frail, mousey-looking she is quite chatty and is good at small talk with strangers, especially strangers she wants to research know more about. Origami! She wins people over with polite but inquisitive questions about people's personal lives for example when questioning Lucy about her children, she asks It's three you've got, isn't it? This may be the point at which Lucy is won over. I believe this because this is the point where Lucy begins to respond with fuller answers instead of the usual yes and no. Mathematics On Society! . read more. Rosemary imitates Lucy by speaking her mind and standing by what she believes in origami essay and forming her own opinions; You're always relaxing. Rosemary also starts to confide in Lucy and tells her that Terry starts on at me.

Rosemary may not know her well but it appears that she trusts Lucy and feels at ease with her because she lets her true feelings become exposed. Lucy obviously notices what a 'bully' Terry is and without explicitly saying, demonstrates to Rosemary how to stand up to him, as a mother would tell her child. After an argument between the characters, Terry comes back to retrieve the key. The key symbolises the power of the relationship. Subconsciously Rosemary has, at least some, power in the relationship because she has hold of the key at that moment in time. The audience can tell that there is a dilemma in this relationship because Rosemary chooses to hand over the key to a more or less stranger over her husband whom she has 'obeyed' for, it seems, many years; (Rosemary gives Lucy the key). The control Lucy has over Rosemary could illustrate the styles in writing research, 'mother figure' she is becoming. . read more. Honestly. Essay! The absence of an exclamation mark implies that Lucy does not really mind looking out for two more extra children at all.

Although it doesn't seem like Terry minds being treated like a child, I think deep down he hates it and maybe is receive, only doing as he is told because he wants to get out of the house and do what he wants again. On the other hand, I think Rosemary enjoys being told what to origami do and being treated like a child because it gives her a break from her role of a mother to Terry. She is accustomed to thesis diversity be in Lucy's position but is origami essay, now in the situation of which Terry is hazlitt essay general, usually in and is enjoying it, shown when she willing kisses Lucy and holds her husbands hand; which possibly doesn't happen much because of essay frequent fall-outs. In conclusion, I think Ayckbourn uses the character of Rosemary in the play to prove to the audience that even the most shy people can emerge from the shadows at receive, any time and begin to form their own opinions, even if the essay, limelight has been taken from them or have been pushed around by scary and/or big bullies. In order to make this step, one needs a third party to initiate and instil a confidence.

Natalie Watts S10 . Mathematics On Society! read more. This student written piece of work is one of origami essay many that can be found in our GCSE Alan Ayckbourn section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Learning Paper Research! Related GCSE Alan Ayckbourn essays. Essay! From the play 'Confustions' - notes of 'Mother figure'. Grouping Paper! - this seems to push her back into her familiar mother role, and she offers R. Essay! 'Absurd Person Singular' by essay on my favourite discovery Alan Ayckbourn - review. Act 1-Sidney Hallo, hallo. What are we up to out here, eh? Jane (without pausing in her work) Just giving it a wipe. Act 2-Geoffrey (off) Darling?

Eva-Eva! Act 3-Ronald Oh hallo there. Eva All right? Ayckbourn uses this so that the audience can make an origami essay opinion on how the couples get on in their first impression. 'Ayckbourn is at his most serious when he is at his funniest'. For my . Charles quickly gets bored of listening to Beryl's problems, and moves onto another bench where Charles proceeds to pour his problems out on a small middle aged woman, Doreen. Hazlitt Poetry General! She tires of his conversation and moves onto the last bench to essay relieve her problems by thesis receive diversity talking to a young man named Ernest. Essay! They are all trapped in used research papers their small shuttered worlds Nobody truly communicates with anyone . Ayckbourn particularly favours the technique in the final 2 acts, the most obvious case being Eva's suicide attempts, using the washing line she ties it into a crude noose, and also Marion's alcoholism. These are both dark themes, which expose the defects of all of the characters.

Discuss Ayckbourn's presentation of the three wives in 'Absent Friends' The way in which Ayckbourn presents Diana, in some cases makes the audience empathise and sympathise with her. She truly loves her husband Paul, however due to the affair he is having with the cold, conniving tart (Evelyn), their marriage and love life is slowly deteriorating. The idea of origami essay failed relationships in the first play, Mother Figure, comes across very . more under the influence of drink, '249, if you want it come and get it'. Explore the comedy in one of Alan Ayckbourn's dramas from the collection 'Confusions'. Lucy after making a comment that men should not be 'put in a cage, which seems to discovery offend Lucy: 'That can apply, to women too surely.' Stereotype is the main foundation of most of the origami, characters. Development of thesis receive character is shown to some extent when Lucy puts Terry down in. How does Ayckbourn present the contrast between Susan's fantasy family and her real family . The use of simpler contrasts such as food and drink also helps Ayckbourn to origami essay display the contrast between the senior project paper requirements, two families and he achieves this with the use of props.

For example, Susan is offered champagne and gourmet meals by her fantasy family whereas, in reality she is given the. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Origami Essay! Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and favourite tv channel Get Revising are all trading names of origami essay The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the diversity, rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for expert help with your English work?

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essay realism art HOWARD DAVID JOHNSON'S COMPLETE ESSAYS ON HISTORY, MYTH, REALISTIC ART. Personal Opinion Essays on HISTORY, MYTH, MORALITY, ART yesterday and today by the artist. ( These essays are never meant to essay offend, but to spur thought and project, democratic debate in a spirit of fun. ) Those who are enamored of practice without science are like a pilot who goes into a ship without rudder or compass and never has any certainty where he is essay, going. Practice should always be based upon a sound knowledge of theory, of which perspective is the guide and gateway, and essay poetry, without it nothing can be done well in any kind of painting. Click on the topic that interests you or stay here to read them all . Art and Technology: From the Camera to the Computer. A brief overview of the shifting cultural attitudes toward Realistic Art in the last 150 years. Essay #8 by essay Howard David Johnson.

The first decade of the 21 st Century has seen a grass-roots counter-revolution in the art world which has overthrown the stranglehold elitist proponents of influence on society - essays, Abstract expressionism gained on academia, the media and origami, the art world at large in the early 20 th Century. Realistic Art was declared obsolete and irrelevant at the beginning of the 20 th Century due to the easy chronicling of persons, places, and events by the Camera - in spite of this new technology empowering the greatest era in Realistic Art history. The “Modern Day Artist” refused to die and began to explore realms of the heart and mind the camera could not record. The proponents of Abstract Expressionism gained control of mathematics influence on society, elite art collector’s markets followed by essay academic institutions and the media leading to the abandonment of requirements, centuries of classical teaching methods and origami, traditions in our universities. Even the best realistic art was later denounced and grouping learning research, ridiculed as the dismissive and often even hostile Art establishment created elitist scorn for Realistic Art in general. This created a disconnect with the general population who could not relate to the tenets of Abstract Expressionism. The advent of the internet broke the absolute domination of the opinions of the Abstract School on media and academia and opened the floodgates of artistic expression and essay, free opinions. Free at last from institutionalized condemnation, more and more artists began to choose realistic treatments and a tidal wave of thesis receive diversity, fabulous new realistic art has been created in every conceivable visual art media for museums, galleries, books, movies, and video games.

As the camera became commercially available in the early 19 th Century it became clear that the visual artist was no longer an indispensable member of society. Just about anyone could point and shoot this device at persons, places, and things and get very fast and very realistic results. Resentment from thousands of years of artists’ social and origami essay, political influence fueled the notion that visual artists should be declared obsolete. Grouping Learning Paper Strategy? The adoption of the camera as an artist’s tool and the advent of an era of glorious and unprecedented realism in painting did not stop the movement to crush the political and social influence of the artist. Great realistic artists like Pablo Picasso and others like Vincent Van Gogh courageously answered this challenge by essay exploring concepts that could not be photographed with brilliant and visionary works. Research? It was from these honest and ingenious notions that the schools and sub-schools of Abstract Art developed. The freshness and innovation of this movement took the art world and academia by origami storm. The excitement of defining the tenets and the delight of bewildering the masses gave rise to an elite class of critics who could control the lucrative art collector’s market with obfuscation and intellectual snobbery.

This wealthy art collector’s market gave credence to Abstract Expressionism’s “high art” status and the advice of well placed critics became extremely valuable and they formed an alliance with like-minded academics. As time passed, this trendy movement whose concepts were so hard to essay favourite argue with gained control of the establishment and elitism took root. Essay? It was not long before traditional painting methods were not taught in used in writing research, universities any more as realistic art was no longer considered “Real Art” and origami essay, tenets like; “Art must be ugly”, Art must be new” Art must be obscure”, and learning, “The best Art is offensive” took hold in schools and printed media. Not satisfied with control over the most lucrative galleries, collector’s markets and academia, these elitists moved from origami, dismissive to openly hostile attitudes toward those who still loved and created realistic art. Research Paper Requirements? The merciless and unprovoked rebukes of great realistic artists like Norman Rockwell, N.C.

Wyeth and so many others are well documented in 20 th century histories. That’s not “Real Art” and why do you waste your talent on “Mere Illustration” were some of the nicer comments. Essay? Illustrators in the 20 th century wore these rebukes like badges of honor, like black eyes gained from standing up to schoolyard bullies, knowing in their hearts what they were doing was worthwhile and the narrow minded views of their critics were not the only valid opinions. By the end of the styles in writing papers 20 th century, the long apprenticeship tradition was broken and classical realistic art methods were lost forever. The Shock Art movement in the 1990’s carried the tenets to new extremes as “ART” became a dirty word. U.S. Government Endowments for the Arts were discontinued. Abstract Art had become the norm with its obfuscated themes and was then itself considered irrelevant and academically worthless.

Art programs were then removed from countless public school curriculums to make time for standardized test preparation. There is origami, no way that mandating more math, requiring more reading, or scheduling more science will replace what we have lost as a culture. At the turn of the 21 st Century the Abstract Expressionists had been in control for essay general, generations with a thought control blockade in books, newspapers, radio, television and essay, schools. Anyone who disagreed with them was told they were too stupid to understand “Real Art” and theirs was the senior project research paper only voice to be heard. What had begun so beautifully and sincerely was hijacked and violated until it became a byword for vulgarity. Then came the origami essay internet and the realistic artists, long silenced began to express their views.

It was like the boy who cried: “The Emperor has no clothes!” This revelation spread like wildfire through the cultural consciousness. Suddenly, it was no longer a disgrace to mathematics influence hold something other than those narrow views. Galleries on the internet showcased generations of essay, repressed artists realistic works in a tidal wave art history calls: “the Realistic Revolt”. Of course, Abstract Art still flourishes today especially on college campuses, but the narrow views of its most fanatical proponents are no longer cruelly dominant. The Realistic Revolt has brought the return of respectability to illustration and realistic landscape and portraiture. When I see the works of today’s vast multitude of diversity, realistic artists coming from a thousand different directions at essay, once, tears come to my eyes, for I have worn the title “illustrator” as a badge of honor for decades and am deeply moved to have lived to see new developments in art and technology drive the visual arts to levels of quality beyond my wildest dreams. I predict 3D and digital media will grow more and more realistic until photos seem noticeably inferior. The internet has not only opened the floodgates for artistic expression, but employment and untold artists are earning a living shattering the “Starving Artist” stereotype so engrained in our cultural consciousness. The beginning of the 20 th century saw technology threatening the survival of the professional artist and the end of used in writing papers, it saw the unbridled tenets of Abstract Expressionism like “Art must be offensive” threatening the very existence of art as a part of origami essay, our culture, the modern day artist has once again refused to die and has embraced technology to create a rebirth of realism that Art critics, collectors, academics and research, everyday folk can all embrace and origami, celebrate in ways I once feared had been lost to us forever. Howard David Johnson (2012)

Painting, in art, the action of hazlitt essay general, laying color on a surface, or the representation of objects by essay this means. Considered one of the fine arts Painting. noun. 1.) The act or employment of styles papers, laying on colors or paints. 2.) The art of forming figures or objects in essay, colors on canvas or any other surface, or the art of representing to the eye by means of figures and paper research, colors any object; the work of an illustrator or painter. 3.) A picture; a likeness or resemblance in shape or colors. 4.) Colors laid on. 5.) Delineation that raises a vivid image in the mind; as in origami, word painting.

Webster's Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language. THE MORE THINGS CHANGE, THE MORE THEY STAY THE SAME. A Brief essay dealing with attitudes toward Traditional Realistic Paintings, Pastels, Colored Pencils and today's Digital Art Media. Did you know the Greek word Photography means Painting with Light? Today with the advent of computers it truly lives up to it's name. Due to developments in Art and Technology, combined with a general lack of public education, I contend that a broader definition of painting is needed than that which is grouping learning research strategy, found in common usage. In addition to his mastery of traditional realistic art media, Howard David Johnson now combines drawing, painting, photography, and digital media with more than thirty years of experience in these fields to create his Realistic Art Numrique in 21st century paintings and pictures. Announcing Art Numrique -an exciting merger of traditional visual art and essay, cutting edge technology. a new art form for the twenty- first century. Art Numrique is not limited to realistic art but also offers limitless horizons for everything from cartoons to grouping learning paper strategy abstractions. It is the most dramatic development in the visual arts since the Renaissance.

In the words of Al Jolson in the movie world's first talking picture You ain't seen nothin' yet! Snobbism in the arts is nothing new. Some people will tell you that oils are the only valid medium for realistic paintings. That Colored Pencil, Digital, and other Realistic Painting and Drawing Media are not valid for real art. Young artists, Don't let them bother you. Their forerunners used to condemn Pastels before they gained acceptance and called them crayons when Johann Alexander Thiele (1685-1752) invented them. Mercilessly disrespectful art critics of the time could not stop the Experimentalists no matter how viciously they attacked and derided them. Crayon-painting as it was called in England was practiced early on by persecuted pioneers in Switzerland and many other nations. What a debt we owe to these master artists who refused to origami knuckle under to paper the pressure of those short-sighted critics during those historic and experimental times. It took until 1870 with the founding of the Societe` Des Pastellistes in France that respect came at last to these heroic immortal visual artists. In England the liberation of the Pastellists from slight regard and undeserved disrespect came with the origami essay first exhibition of The Pastel Society at the Grosvenor Gallery in mathematics influence on society - essays, 1880.

Pastel Painters like Mary Cassat and others from America and other nations forever silenced the snobs with their masterworks and gained recognition at long last for origami essay, Thiele's invention as a valid art medium. I am persuaded that history will repeat itself. Like Pastels, I believe these wonderful new colored pencils and even Digital Realistic Art Media will one day receive the recognition they deserve as powerful mediums of artistic expression just as pastel paintings did. What is mathematics - essays, your definition of art? Have you thought about it? Consider dancing. Origami Essay? it can be a little skip in the step or rise to in writing research the level of the incomparable Russian Ballet.

Did you know that just the materials alone for a single oil painting cost up to a thousand dollars these days? Even paying the origami essay artist less than minimum wage no one but the super rich can afford them anymore. Something's got to give. Realistic paintings in oil have been highly prized for centuries and the appeal and following of realistic art is undiminished to mathematics influence on society this day. Oil paintings featuring Abstract Art and Realistic Art are generally the most treasured form of origami essay, all the visual art media and with good reason. But snobbish art critics favoring abstract art have declared that realistic paintings, or illustrations are not art for project research paper requirements, a century. With so many representationalist paintings by so many immortal master artists hanging in the Louvre, the Hermitage, and the British Museum and others I think the disrespect for realistic illustrators that dominated the 20th century is academically ridiculous as well as vain and origami, intolerant, insisting theirs is the grouping learning research only valid opinion. What is your definition of Art? I believe almost any form of human expression can be raised to the level of high art especially visual art and Realistic illustration. By my own definition of art, which is: anything that makes you feel or think most abstract paintings are not real art to me personally , because abstract paintings usually neither make me feel or think, usually focusing obsessively on technique and avoiding any coherent content.

I usually draw a complete blank mentally and origami essay, emotionally when I look at them. In 1979 the Houston Metropolitan Museum of papers, Art displayed a triptych of 3 giant paintings they paid fifty thousand dollars for- three blank white canvasses entitled untitled. Then there was The incredible new artistic Genius with an I.Q. of 62 . Coco the chimpanzee with his gala New York art exhibition. an elaborate prank played on the Snobbish American Art critics about a generation ago by research scientists in the field of primatology. Imagine how upset they were when he created one of his ingenious masterpieces right before their eyes. ( My Source for this is the Time Life Science Library volume entitled The Primates. ) Art education has been almost completely removed from American Schools as a result of essay, generations of this kind of fabulous nonsense contributing to America's cultural illiteracy crisis. Now, the works of Leonardo Da Vinci, Michaelangelo, and other notables are being removed from school libraries. After generations of this, most American college graduates today cannot name even one living visual artist, abstract or realistic. There is no way that mandating more math, requiring more reading, or scheduling more science will replace what we have lost as a culture. But how do all these new Art media fit in with formal definitions of Art? Art ( noun ) [ Middle English, from Old French, from Latin ars (stem art-). ] 1. Human effort to imitate, supplement, alter, or counteract the work of nature.

2. The conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in senior research paper requirements, a manner that affects the origami essay sense of beauty; specifically, the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium. 3. On Society - Essays? The product of these activities; human works of beauty, collectively. 4. High quality of conception or execution, as found in works of beauty; aesthetic value. 5. Any field or category of art, such as painting, music, ballet, or literature. 6. A non-scientific branch of learning; one of the liberal arts. Origami? 7. Project Requirements? a. A system of principles and methods employed in the performances of a set of activities: the art of building. Origami? b. A trade or craft that applies such a system of styles in writing, principles and origami, methods: pursuing the baker's art.

8. A specific skill in adept performance, conceived as requiring the exercise of intuitive faculties that cannot be learned solely by study: the art of writing letters. 9. a. Usually plural. Artful devices; stratagems; tricks. b. On Society - Essays? Artfulness; contrivance; cunning. 10. In printing: Illustrative material as distinguished from text. The American Heritage College Dictionary of the origami English Language. Special note: 21st century professional art critics are not repeating these mistakes of history and are blessing and encouraging artists working in all styles and mediums, even including digital media. Grouping Paper Research Strategy? To them I say: Bravo! If only our world leaders could learn from the origami essay mistakes of the past as you have. Realistic Art : The Rebirth of project requirements, Realism in the 21st Century. More thoughts on realistic art yesterday and origami, today by the artist.

Art History has entered a new era with the birth of Art Numrique, or digital art media in the 21st century. Artists never stop exploring with mediums. Artists have been developing techniques, experimenting with different tools since at least twenty- five thousand years ago, when the first artist picked up a charred stick and scratched a picture out on the wall of his cave. Essay? You'd think everything would have been tried by now, but it hasn't. Exploring new mediums this very day is just as exciting, just as full of freshness and newness as it ever was. The rebirth of realism was fueled by essay the advent of the digital era. Now, for on society, the first time in almost two centuries, an artist or illustrator could earn a decent living again with his realistic art.

This is origami essay, historic. Realistic art is not going to go away, especially now that photography has truly merged with traditional realistic visual art. Photography comes from the Greek words meaning painting with light. Now with the advent of digital media the essay on my tv channel capability of realistic art has become almost limitless, truly, painting with light. Essay? The merger of all the world's art forms to realize the potential of motion pictures has come now to still realistic art media. This website for receive, example, combines music, prose, poetry, photography and traditional realistic art media to create an experience beyond merely looking at realistic paintings. The twenty- first century is already seeing a new renaissance in the arts because of the world wide web. Essay? There has never been anything like it. Abstract art, computer art, photographic art, and realistic art are continuing to be separate schools of art but are also blending to create exciting new horizons. Although Digital art does offer completely new horizons to the artist in the 21st century it does not mean the end of our time honored art traditions.

Instead, it offers additional ways to keep these traditions and schools of essay favourite, thought fresh and alive. More Personal Opinion Essays - on History, Myth, and Art by the artist. As a professional Illustrator I am called upon to illustrate Legends of History and essay, Mythology, Fact and Fantasy, the Sacred and the Profane. In as much as I have endeavored to sort them out accordingly, it has become one of the mathematics influence - essays more fascinating challenges I have ever faced. A brief essay by H. Essay? D. Johnson.

As a professional Illustrator I am called upon to illustrate Legends of History and Mythology, Fact and Fantasy, the Sacred and the Profane. In as much as I have endeavored to influence sort them out origami, accordingly, it has become one of the more fascinating challenges I have ever faced. As I am ever mentioning, the advances of science are constantly giving us a clearer view of the past even causing Mythology to become History as in the case of the Trojan Wars, the legendary Helen of Troy, and grouping learning strategy, the Trojan Horse. The archaeological excavations of Troy may prove the existence of the city of Troy and the Trojan War. They in no way make The Iliad a history book however, because of the un-provable spiritual and religious occurrences in the narrative. Origami Essay? This sorting out of myth and legend from history is no less difficult today because of their intertwining influences on one another. Consider as a more recent example of this problem, 20th century American President Theodore Roosevelt. He lives in on my tv channel, history because of his heroic charge up San Juan hill with his legendary roughriders. Essay? When this story was printed in William Randolph Hearst's newspapers it catapulted him to fame and used in writing, ushered him into the White House as a glorious American War Hero. Essay? Everyone has seen the on my discovery paintings and origami, statues of Teddy Roosevelt and his roughriders dressed in khaki, mounted on horseback and charging fearlessly forward waving their swords. In reality, it was a group of Heroic African American Buffalo Soldiers who took San Juan Hill in spite of their heavy casualties.

They did not wear khaki. They were not mounted on horseback, but were foot soldiers in the same dark blue uniforms of the U.S. cavalry as worn during the Indian Wars. Roosevelt's group actually took a nearby Hill against light resistance but Hearst said that would not sell newspapers so he created an American Myth. Senior Project Research? So as we see, here is something taught to children in schools as history is just not true at all, but yet, this myth shaped the true history of the world in the 20th century and origami essay, beyond. If Teddy Roosevelt had not been elected president, neither would his nephew, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who provided very real and crucial leadership during the in writing research Great Depression and the Second World War. Neither would Theodore Roosevelt have built the Panama Canal or established the conservation of our natural resources.

So here we see Modern Myth not only influencing, but creating History. In reality, I perceive Theodore Roosevelt was a much greater president than history gives him credit for. Origami Essay? Although it is mathematics influence, true his kindness created the Teddy Bear, He really was also fit and trim, vigorous and active, and a very tough president in his foreign policies. He was instrumental in America's emergence as a world power. It is also true that he came from the upper upper class - old money in New York with a background of great wealth and limitless luxury and origami essay, chose to be an outdoorsman, a cowboy, and soldier. When he was given office, he embraced the concept of being a good Shepherd , of seeking justice for all Americans - for this he was called a traitor to his class. Actually, he is the savior of his class. In my estimation, it is President Theodore Roosevelt who is senior project research paper requirements, most responsible for essay, the end of the then imminent threat of communist revolution or takeover in America. Throughout the early 20th century Socialist Revolutions were sweeping across the globe. Paper Research? Conditions for the workers in America were appalling.

Child Labor, dangerous working conditions, ungodly long hours, degradation, and shockingly low pay. When Karl Marx wrote his Communist Manifesto he never dreamed of an affluent MIDDLE class. A middle class that is comfortable and savoring, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness is not going to rise up in murderous anger and origami, Storm the receive diversity Bastille. What Global Communism could not contend with was America's happy and prosperous middle class. Theodore Roosevelt practically invented America's affluent middle class and eliminated the threat of Communist revolution in origami, America. Although he was well loved, he was also hated and caught tremendous heat from the wealthy elite for sharing a small portion of their wealth with the common man. He saved them from a Second American Revolution by customizing capitalism to essay tv channel a kinder, gentler form than the horrors of the essay late 19th century. Like General Winfield Scott, who won The American Civil War before it started, he defeated his foes with an idea. If the Robber Barons had had their way, their greed could well have caused America to fall to hazlitt essay poetry general communism. Today, we have a new generation of robber barons but no Teddy to stand up for origami essay, the little guys.

I feel the true history about American President Theodore Roosevelt is more amazing than the myth, but they are interwoven and inseparable, without the one, we would not have the other. He was both a glorious and a tragic figure. As a leader and as a man I believe he is mathematics influence on society, badly underestimated. It was only when his beloved son, nicknamed Quinnykins died fighting in World War One that he finally saw through all the myths and origami, glamour to see the awful truth about war face on. He never got over his guilt for glorifying war to his son. Paper Research? We could all learn a lot from his experiences. War costs money. Essay? trillions of dollars. War takes human lives. Project Research Requirements? millions of origami essay, them! War makes children old, breaks parent's hearts, kills morale. War destroys cities, art treasures, civilization!

The first world war alone cost thirty million lives and 4 trillion dollars when adjusted to the buying power of modern U.S. Essay Favourite Tv Channel? dollars. With the money at origami essay, the time we could have built a three bedroom two bath house furnished with fine hardwood furniture on five acres of quality land for every family in The United States, Canada, Australia, England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, France, Belgium, Germany and Russia. There would have been enough left to build and stock a first class library and a proper university in every town of 20,000 people or more. Out of the balance we could pay the salaries for life of 125,000 teachers and 125,000 nurses. The remaining balance could have bought 1919 Belgium and France and everything in them. I see History as an endless waltz. Mathematics Influence On Society? Three beats over and over. War, Peace, and Revolution.

Three beats over and over in an endless cycle of death, destruction, and regeneration. Essay? An Endless Waltz. and those who do not learn the diversity lessons of origami essay, history are doomed to dance this deadly waltz and pay this Frightful price for War. As modern technology such as jet aircraft and in writing papers, thermonuclear missles make the world smaller more dangerous everyday, tolerating each other's racial, social, religious differences living together in peace has now become key to origami the continued survival of mankind through the 21st century. H. D. Receive? Johnson worked as a scientific research consultant for the University of Texas at San Antonio through the 1970's under the origami guidance of top Texas Scientists illustrating reconstructions of Paleontology and Anthropology, oddly enough, he then worked under the guidance of the world's foremost Biblical Scholars for the Center for styles in writing research papers, Judeo-Christian Studies. The two dramatically different experiences back to back caused him to origami essay wonder. W ith respect to its great contributions to society, I think it is important to make a case that science is really affecting society more like a religion now than a field of study or a resource base of useful information. Many everyday people do not understand it at all and accept ALL its teachings on faith. Science is supposed to be a tool and a path of study for the benefit of mankind and it is.

I love Science and greatly appreciate it's benefits. I feel strongly that many scientists are heroes and deserve honorable mention and some truly deserve places of great honor in the hallowed halls of hazlitt poetry, history. Breakthroughs in medical science are saving lives everyday in ways undreamed of origami, just to name only used in writing research papers one of so many valuable fields. Unfortunately some scientists have also been criminals or have brought things into origami the world we all know about that we would have been better off without such as thermonuclear weapons and essay on my favourite, pollution. I believe it has also become things it should never have become. I shall briefly try to origami essay explain what I have seen that has made me feel that science is really affecting society more like a religion now than a field of study. The major criticism of science with regards to The Bible has been that it requires a leap of styles in writing research papers, faith to believe that GOD created the world, yet Science also has several leaps of faith of it's own.

The Big Bang theory cannot be proven as world renowned cosmologist Steven Hawking has stated and, if it cannot be proven - believing in origami, it - in Hawking's own words requires a Leap of Faith . Until a theory is proven in a lab or in the field, it is Philosophy, not Physics. EVOLUTION IS NOT A LAW OF SCIENCE. Discovery? Darwin's Theory of Evolution was proposed in 1859 and almost a hundred and origami, fifty years later it has still never achieved the learning paper research status of a Law of origami essay, Science . This is because of the Missing Link. Essay On My Tv Channel? There is origami essay, no proof of a link between man and ape, hence the term The missing link. This blind faith in Evolution has been taught with religious dogmatism in the public schools for generations and discovery, is still merely a theory . The Theory of Evolution, not the Law of Evolution is a mere UNPROVEN hypothesis, which the dictionary defines as a mere assumption or guess or a proposition, or a group of proposals, offered as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena. Yet this mere assumption or guess is taught to children in public schools and young adults in colleges as if it HAD been proven beyond any doubt. It was once a Law of Science that the atom was the irreducible particle of matter. At Alamogordo, New Mexico in origami essay, 1945 the atom was split and the atomic bomb explosion in the desert blasted that Law of Science out of existence.

Now, if a Law of Science is so unreliable, I ask you, why is a mere theory like Evolution regarded so highly? Simple. It is about political control, not about truth. In 1912 A.D. a respectable geologist named Arthur S. Woodward and a lawyer named Charles Dawson offered their new “fossil discovery” to the London Geological Society . The “artifacts” included a thick portion of a human skull, a fragment of an ape-like jaw, some animal remains and some primitive stone tools. Essay General? These items found in southern England in a place called Piltdown were estimated to be 500,000 years old. For 40 years the remains were accepted by the academic community as an important part of origami essay, our evolutionary development.

Piltdown Man was declared genuine and called the “missing link” between apes and man by important scientists of the time. Because of this newfound “proof” men of God were openly ridiculed as ignorant and improperly educated. Piltdown man was debunked four decades later by styles used research papers chemical tests proving the jaw and skull were not the same age, nor very old. It was a DELIBERATE fake. The bones had been chemically treated and thoroughly stained to make them appear prehistoric. Recognizable anatomical features were broken off and filed down. Why did this fraud by lawyer Charles Dawson fool the experts?

For many reasons, but it was never seriously questioned because the scientists of the time were delighted by essay the way it validated their evolutionist beliefs. Used In Writing Research Papers? For more details of the origami debunking read: ”The Piltdown Forgery” by J.S. Weiner, the favourite tv channel classic account of the most famous and successful hoax in science. The new and revised 2002 edition is commonly available. Today, the term “Piltdown” is a term of ridicule, used to origami essay label fraudulent research, but the impact on the lives of billions of trusting people has had powerful political implications to poetry general this day. The prover proves what the thinker thinks and prejudice and political power seem more important than the truth or the consistent practice of the scientific method. If truth were important to them, they would use the scientific method when criticizing The Bible but they do not. The scientific method requires going to origami the source. Yet for senior, these famous disparagements they use the King James version instead of the original Hebrew.

Translated in 1611 by non-Christian King James of England for political reasons the K.J.V. is one of the Colossal monuments of English Prose. Origami? The King James Translation is not at all accurate enough to use as the mathematics influence on society sole source for the defense of the Biblical Text. Consider this example: One of the greatest conflicts between Science and the Bible is the teaching that the world was created in six solar days of 24 hours each. The word yom in the source, the origami essay original Hebrew text, which was translated as Solar Day had 56 other choices. Modern English has more than 60,000 words. Biblical Hebrew had 3,000.

The average English vocabulary has 6,000. My favorite choice of the 56 other options: an unimaginably long but complete period of time harmonizes with science perfectly. Another choice is: time itself. So as we can see, going to the source and using the Scientific Method brings very different results than not going to research the source. Getting past this, the order in which life appeared was identical to essay the theory of evolution's claims in the Book of mathematics influence, Genesis, leaving us to discuss the stars, the next main source of conflict between Science and the Bible. The Hebrew text says a swaddling band around the Earth dissolved, revealing the stars. The Prover proves what the thinker thinks. Here's a fun thought - What if GOD is in control of origami essay, evolution? What if it's his hobby?

What if there is really no conflict between Science and Religion? The scientists cannot disprove the - essays existence of GOD any more than they can prove the origami Big Bang happened. Albert Einstein saw no conflict between science and religion. Like Galileo, Newton and other immortal greats of science before him, Einstein believed in GOD. Therefore, I present to you this idea: Modern Scientific beliefs are based upon mathematics on society - essays a leap of faith in the big bang theory. Origami Essay? It has become a belief system based on faith and therefore another form of religion.

Scientists, like priests can explain their beliefs but the everyday people accept it all on faith. Thesis Receive Diversity? Scientists and doctors are the origami priests of this new religion, getting angry and crying heresy when anyone respectfully disagrees with them. I once had one of my supervisors in the UT anthropology department explain to me for hazlitt essay poetry, three hours on a research expedition in mathematical terms how something could have ALWAYS existed, needing no beginning point. When we agreed that the math was good he then made a COLOSSAL leap of faith, saying This proves the origami Universe has always existed and there is no GOD. In one second I countered; I could just as easily jump to the conclusion that this proves the favourite tv channel existence of an eternal GOD. It is this jumping to conclusions or as Steven Hawking put it; making leaps of faith. that infuses philosophy with their physics.

Then there is the infusion of politics; a perfect example is. The Myth of Carbon 14 dating: Educated people know that carbon 14 dating is origami essay, totally irrelevant to the theory of evolution. Scientists never state that carbon 14 dating offers proof for the theory of used in writing, evolution. Ignorant evolutionists, however, believe carbon 14 dating proves the theory of evolution, and stubbornly make that claim based on faith in what they were told in our learning institutions.

They were DELIBERATELY lied t o to gain POLITICAL POWER. I will explain; Carbon 14 dating is ONLY reliable for five thousand years as even its creator himself admitted in 1972. Carbon 14 or Radiocarbon Dating was first devised in 1949 by Dr. Willard Libby. It is based on the rate of decay of carbon 14 or its half-life of 5730 years. This method offers reliable dates up to 5,000 years ago, but its results require correction since Dr. Origami? Libby's belief that the levels of carbon-14 in thesis diversity, the atmosphere were identical through the ages has long since been disproved.

Volcanoes and essay, floods for example skew the poetry general results to the point where guesswork or leaps of faith are required even in dating organic material from historic times. Dr. Libby once expressed his shock when he found that radio carbon dates for human artifacts extended back only 5000 years and older dates were found to be unreliable. Essay? [W.F.Libby, `Radiocarbon Dating', (Chicago, 1952), pp. Thesis Diversity? 4-9] [CRSQ, 1972, 9:3, p. 157] By this time tens of origami essay, thousands of C-14 dates had been published from senior project research, tests in laboratories around the world. The textbooks and curriculums have yet to essay be revised. Hazlitt Essay General? Instead, a MYTH is being taught in our schools. There are exciting new methods but wild guesses about the amount of Carbon 14 in the atmosphere do not PROVE anything.

Believers in origami, GOD are called foolish and poetry general, ignorant on the political strength of origami essay, this deliberate lie that Carbon 14 dating proves evolution. The gross disrespect and intolerance I have seen of certain members of the scientific and favourite discovery, academic communities and origami, their disciples toward anyone who disagrees with them is just as arrogant and abusive as racial, sexual, religious, or any other kind of prejudice. Here's a great example: Around 1910 in educated circles it was considered a mark of ignorance to receive believe the Biblical record. Origami Essay? There was little scientific evidence available then to support the Bible's claims and academic circles decided that was the end of the matter and as the decades moved on, the scientific and academic communities stubbornly ignored tidal waves of new SCIENTIFIC evidence. One excellent example is in senior project paper, what the origami Bible says about receive Abraham. In the early 20th century experts in the field of origami essay, archaeology insisted that no civilization even existed in UR of the Chaldeans when the Bible records that Abraham lived there. On the basis that no evidence was currently available they declared Abraham a mythical character.

20th century evidence however has proven beyond any question the existence of an advanced civilization in UR of the Chaldeans during the 21st and styles used in writing papers, 20th centuries B.C.-That was Abraham's day! Abraham's historicity is also confirmed by ancient inscriptions that bear the origami essay names of almost very town mentioned in Ch. 12-14 of Genesis and one even has his father's name. Archeological discoveries also show these towns were in existence until about 2,000 B.C.- but not later! No longer can the project requirements Bible's critics get away with accusing us of being naive or foolish today when we believe what the Bible says about origami Abraham like they used to in the 20th century. This is critical to the belief systems of the world's great monotheistic religions Islam, Judaism and Christianity who all claim ascendancy from Abraham. Why isn't this commonly taught in essay general, schools? Many scientific professionals openly abuse the authority of their positions to push their personal beliefs and ignore the confirmed scientific data to hold on origami essay, to political power.

Other Biblical confirmations from modern Archaeology include: Date and manner of Jericho's fall, The exodus from Egypt, Major characters from the book of Daniel and many others. The SCIENTIFIC proof is all there waiting for you if you take the time to look it up. Certain scientists and academics like to act like they know everything about the general origins of the Earth. They don't. Many of essay, our long taught ideas about planetary science have recently been proven completely wrong. Did you know that The Gas Giants on the outside of project research paper, our solar system and the surface of the Planet Venus are DRASTICALLY different than what I was authoritatively taught about them as a boy in school? If they can't even tell us reliably how the solar system is today how can we rely on their ideas about its distant unobservable origins? Yet even in the face of constantly changing SCIENTIFIC evidence most scientists are prone to UTTER DOGMATISM about their belief system. Science is supposed to be the sum of the best knowledge we have at the time - incomplete but always learning, always growing- but sometimes making serious mistakes.

Why admit things were COMPLETELY wrong about planetary science within the solar system but NEVER MENTION the discovery of the unreliability of origami, Carbon 14 dating or the discovery of archaeological evidence of Abraham being a historical figure? Simple. There is no danger to the foundation of the belief system of this new religion or it's social and political power base. Mankind's only hope for continued survival on this planet is to learn to tolerate each others differences and live in peace with one another and in harmony with the environment. Project Paper Requirements? We're all in origami, the same boat.

I do not believe that scientists should be exempt from this challenge to grouping learning paper research strategy be tolerant, since they created the very things that could well destroy us, such as thermonuclear weapons pollution. We all have a lot of origami, work to do if we are to survive. I write this in defense of hazlitt essay poetry general, my faith and of the faiths of others which have been disparaged by these attacks on the sacred writings of the origami world's great religions. If we're going to have a better world we're going to need both better leaders and better citizens. I personally believe that any belief in a higher power that must be answered to makes us better citizens than if we believed that we are the ultimate life form in poetry general, the Universe. Sensuality, Violence, Morality, and their relationships with the Arts in essay, 21st century American Society. A case for the sacredness, purity, and beauty of the human form. A brief personal opinion essay by the artist. In our 21st century western society the influence on society - essays disparity between the moral attitudes toward images and actions is amazing to me and I will examine in this article just how unfair they really have become and how political correctness is destroying our cultural heritage.

In history, the Classical or Greco-Roman school of art is distinguished by the notion that the human form is the ultimate arena for artistic expression. Unclothed figures were very common in Classical art and their culture was very comfortable with it in origami, general. The Victorians in contrast have always stood out in my mind for their extreme prudishness and puritanicalism. They invented the tablecloth to prevent men from looking at a table's legs because they feared a table leg might make men think dirty thoughts. In spite of this, 19th century Victorian Art did allow some unclothed figures in statues and paintings within certain bounds. Styles Research? One of the principal attractions of fairy paintings for the Mid-Victorians was that they made possible highly realistic and erotic pictures of unclad females that would have otherwise been inadmissible.

In the 20th century the sensual revolution eliminated all of these traditional boundaries. I can see how the radical transformation of society by the total liberation of the subconscious was a bit too much for essay, most people. In 21st century America however, the sight of styles used in writing, a healthy partially unclad woman is taboo even as an innocent or religious depiction in the visual arts. I find this very interesting considering they way American society is so comfortable with violence- even children viewing extreme violence and gore on television and in motion pictures. It's terrible- disembowelments, exploding heads with splattering blood and essay, guts, cut off arms and legs are deemed just fine for receive diversity, prime time children's viewing.

But not to worry- the profanity has been edited out. It seems too arbitrary to me. If the human body is torn apart or cut to pieces it is origami, all right. Desecration of the on my favourite tv channel discovery human body is embraced or tolerated while appreciation or adoration even in essay, art, is condemned. I think the human form is sacred. The average American child sees 20,000 violent deaths on television alone by the age of 10. I find it interesting that America feels that while tolerating and even embracing extreme violence and greed that we are outraged at the sight of a beautiful young woman and the healthy uncovered female human body is a dirty, filthy thing to be ashamed of. I disagree. Since the source for this stigma about images of women is supposed to be the on my favourite tv channel influence on our society's laws by the sacred writings of the essay Judeo-Christians, I present to research paper requirements you the idea that this is essay, not what these actually teach and they are also being treated as arbitrarily as a buffet line and hazlitt essay, will use illustrations. Origami? This attitude comes from Jesus' saying: If a man even look at a woman to influence lust after her, he has already committed adultery in his heart. Origami? By this same standard, just thinking about robbing the poor and the elderly is a sin, but in our society the act is considered a good business move.

Don't misunderstand me, he taught that his commandment was to love one another, and on my favourite, basically that if you did that the origami ceremonial law was fulfilled. A more positive approach; if you love someone you won't murder them, falsely accuse them, etc., etc., If your heart is full of covetousness for a woman, a car or anything it is likely you will transgress this law in practice. Used In Writing Research Papers? Cheating, stealing, torture, and even murder in origami essay, actual practice are taken in thesis receive, stride by origami essay our society, but seeing a woman's left bosom exposed is an outrage. If the Ten Commandments are the standard we're going by as they say- Children are diligently taught to dishonor their parents on every family television show. It is taboo now- yes, it is actually considered wrong to grouping paper strategy portray a good father in American movies and television with only the rarest of exceptions.

What is so terribly wrong about a portrayal of origami essay, a good dad? To me, this is an outrage. Stealing the retirements of thousands of citizens who have worked hard all their lives is a good business move. What about thou shalt not murder? (Interestingly, it doesn't say#148; kill in the original Hebrew text, but murder . ) I won't dwell on war here, but In Nazi Germany, six million people- Jews, Christians, and politicals were secretly murdered in the death camps, but in modern America, more than forty million baby boys and girls have been publicly murdered by willing citizens in abortion clinics and we call that a #147;choice. If history called that the research paper requirements Holocaust, how will history judge us? Judeo-Christian morality, and that's what we're talking about origami essay here as the most influential source of America's laws, ONLY justifies killing in senior project paper requirements, self-defense. The child in the womb is defenseless.

Again, I find this astonishing that we as a society can tolerate or even embrace such horrific and gruesome acts and then make such a big issue out of mild nudity in a painting or statue. Our society treats sacred writings like a buffet line choosing what is politically expedient to origami their cause and ignoring the essay discovery rest. I ONLY bring these up as an examples of the disparity between society's acceptance or tolerance of these violent and gruesome things I've mentioned to contrast them to the intolerance of the sight of essay, a peaceful woman#146;s uncovered bosom celebrated for it's natural beauty in an innocent setting through the visual arts. Why is the sight of a naked man's chest considered to be decent and not a woman's? I think there is grouping, a disparity here too in our attitude toward images.

If the sight of a woman's chest is an outrage why is essay, a man's permissible in ANY situation? I am told certain works of Leonardo Da Vinci are pornographic now because of favourite discovery, a nipple but I see romance novel covers in the grocery store with photos of naked men climbing in bedroom windows to commit adultery-why are those considered acceptable? If images are wrong because there is a chance a man might think of origami, sex, why are romance novels written glorifying vile acts of hazlitt poetry general, sexual betrayal for NO OTHER REASON but dirty thoughts acceptable? Why are sleazy soap operas on essay, television available to children day and mathematics influence - essays, night on essay, broadcast television with sexually explicit scenes glorifying adultery acceptable? The answer is hazlitt poetry, simple- its double standard. As a man, I believe that women are the origami brightest and loveliest of all of GOD's creations. Thesis Receive Diversity? The sight of a healthy young partially uncovered girl on television even for a split second is considered a CRISIS and we hear public outrage? Implying the essay human body itself is filthy; Think about it.

Since the basis of this sight of a healthy human body taboo is supposed to be of Judeo-Christian religious origin, I want to thesis debunk this outrageous doctrine that the human body is origami, filthy. In the Bible's first book, Genesis, it says, they were naked and were not ashamed and it teaches us that men and women were made in the image of GOD. Used Research? To follow this line of reasoning, GOD would also have to be filthy. Case closed. Origami Essay? I don't think what I perceive to be the crowning achievement of GOD's creation, the woman - is filthy, but is instead pure and beautiful. What I believe to be GOD's greatest creation is considered filthy, and not people's minds? These outrageous boundaries chosen by mathematics - essays our society are so poorly thought out that Michelangelo's statue of David is now deemed pornography and books with such immortal works of essay, art are being removed from our public school libraries because of politically correct activists. I'm not suggesting that we remove these boundaries again like in hazlitt poetry general, the 1970's, Heaven forbid! Only that these newest ones are ill conceived and badly placed and I would personally prefer to return to the traditional ones and avoid all these extremes. Copyright Law and origami essay, the Visual Arts in the Computer Age. An introduction to the Millennial Copyright Act for Artists.

A brief essay on 21st century legal boundaries, guidelines, and hazlitt poetry, western art traditions by the artist. Our shared cultural heritage, great works of art, literature, music and drama, cinema, folk tales and fairy tales are all drawn upon again and again by the creators of new works. These works in the public domain are both a catalyst and a wellspring for creativity and innovation. Since the public domain is a treasure trove of origami, information and resources to be used by research future generations, many advocates are concerned that its stagnation through lawsuits will make it more and more difficult for future generations to find creative inspiration. All art is essay, ultimately some form of imitation, even if you are an expressionist painter imitating an abstract vision in your own mind. These new visual art creations of mine take their inspiration in grouping research, part from the realistic paintings of the origami essay old masters just as The Lord of the Rings comes from The Ring of the Nibelung and European folklore and West Side Story came from Romeo and Juliet, which was in thesis, turn inspired by Antony and Cleopatra. Much as Rubens copied Titian, I copy Waterhouse and so on. Over the last 300 years, ideas about female beauty have drastically changed and this has caused many of the most wonderful paintings of the old masters to seem 'ugly' to origami essay youthful modern audiences. For example, in the days of Peter Paul Rubens, being forty to sixty pounds over-weight was considered not only on society - essays attractive, but was a status symbol.

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder and essay, tastes have clearly changed. I feel many classic themes need to be redone to preserve interest and appeal for mathematics, future generations. Essay? This has happened many times before as artists like Aesop, The Brothers Grimm and Walt Disney have appropriated, modified, and re-defined elements of our culture to preserve it for future generations. Learning Research Strategy? The legality of such use today depends on whether or not the source is protected by copyright law. You can draw or paint Shakespeare's fairies for essay, example and publish them without permission but not more modern intellectual properties like characters from Star Wars or Mickey Mouse who holds the oldest copyright dating from 1928.

Our shared cultural heritage, great works of mathematics - essays, art, literature, music and drama, cinema, folk tales and fairy tales are all drawn upon again and again by origami essay the creators of new works. These works in the public domain are both a catalyst and a wellspring for creativity and hazlitt poetry, innovation. Even though all my Realistic Paintings are legally new works and protected under copyright law their inspiration sometimes comes in essay, part from essay favourite discovery, works in the public domain. The public domain is a space where intellectual property protection ( copyright ) does not apply. Origami Essay? When copyrights and patents expire, innovations and creative works fall into the public domain. They may then be used by anyone without permission and without the payment of a licensing fee. My sources have been transformed so much in the creation of hazlitt, these new works of art that they would not violate an existing copyright even if they were so protected. Publicly owned national parks are also considered by many to be public domain lands. Because of the recent extensions of the terms of both copyrights and patents, and the privatization of origami essay, lands and other resources owned by the Federal Government, little is now entering the public domain. Look for new litigation and another time extension when Disney Corporation's Mickey Mouse copyright is hazlitt, due to expire in 2023. Origami Essay? Where would Walt Disney be without the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Anderson, or Victor Hugo?

Where would Aaron Copeland have been without American folk music? Thomas Nast's Santa Claus without traditional images of Father Christmas? Picasso without African art? These are artists who made names for themselves and even fortunes through Public Domain appropriation, one and styles used, all. Some people are actually outraged that there are some intellectual properties that corporations do not own.

They feel appropriation is only appropriate if a corporation does it. Origami Essay? Corporations created by receive diversity public domain appropriation, now are the most powerful force on Earth trying to put a stop to new things entering the public domain forever through lawsuits. The public domain is a space where intellectual property protection ( copyright ) does not apply. It was set up by our founding fathers, who felt creativity needed to be rewarded on a personal level for a time, and when copyrights and patents expired, innovations and creative works would fall into the public domain. Since the public domain is origami essay, a treasure trove of information and essay favourite tv channel discovery, resources to origami be used by future generations, many advocates are concerned that its stagnation will make it more and more difficult for essay on my favourite, future generations to essay find creative inspiration. This is least likely to hurt the motion picture companies who produce new works in house granting themselves permission, but the music industry which brings in artists and new songs from the outside is being hit very hard already. If a new song release resembles an old one, now there is litigation. Visual Art Tradition and etiquette suggest the most influential pieced borrowed from the public domain should be mentioned at exhibits; these original new pieces Shown in my exhibits take their inspiration in part from the paintings of Waterhouse, Alma-Tadema, Moreau, Bouguereau, Leighton, Ingres, Moore, Parrish, Rackham and others. They showcase some of - essays, my favorite models.

As a student of origami essay, fine art, copying is a great way to learn and create fine art, but as a professional illustrator things are very different. Works done by artists out of learning paper research, personal motivation belong to the artist who created them, and they can sell licenses for divers forms of publication. The law is clear and origami essay, simple regarding illustrations done for gainful employment. They are called work-for-hire under the law, and the rights to such works envisioned by the customer and specifically commissioned and paid for belong exclusively to the customer if it is a team project like a video game or motion picture and the artist must specifically ask permission to ever legally use their own work themselves. When the artist is the sole creator of the project as in book and magazine illustration for example, the artist retains the benefits of ownership unless they specifically sign them away.

My art is divided into used papers two distinct groups; personal work partially copying the old masters and professional illustration applying these lessons to create totally original works. I start more often with a specific written request. This is the exact OPPOSITE approach to creating a picture from copying something that's there. Research comes first. In the case of essay, my illustration of the hazlitt essay Spartan Warriors, there were no accurate sources in the public domain to copy correct Greek armor and origami essay, weapons in favourite tv channel, combat poses from. Mostly I found images of effeminate men, wearing nothing but a robe over origami, the shoulder and the wrong helmets. Finding history books at the library with the accurate helmets, shield designs, weapons, and armor was essential to get an accurate depiction of a Greek Hoplite.

All the in writing research library had were stiff museum poses of anything, but I hit the research jackpot with some very simplistic flat line drawings of great authentic Greek shield designs. All the elements must be found, gathered and assembled to create the dramatic action scene the client wanted. Next comes the layout. This is where the mathematics and geometric design come into the creative process. My wife, Virginia took a picture of me nearly twenty years ago on a carpentry project with the essay heroic Jack Kirby like pose I was looking for mixed with the texture and feel of a Frank Frazetta or Norman Rockwell painting. Used In Writing Papers? Naturally, in these cases I go to great lengths to make sure that my work looks nothing whatsoever like it's various inspirations and sources except in flavor and spirit. Of course, the characteristic old master's painting feel to essay the background most of my illustrations have was requested, and hazlitt essay poetry general, the picture was to have the flavor of a Howard Pyle painting.

With regards to use of mechanical aids to create art: Did you know the origami essay old masters often traced? Leonardo Da Vinci used Camera Obscura which is paper requirements, a lens and a mirror set at an angle with parchment over it to origami essay trace onto. Michelangelo used a similar technique. The use of learning paper, Photography as a mechanical aid to oil paintings and other forms of origami, realistic art came right away. Receive Diversity? This is not surprising since artists had been tracing from Camera Obscura for origami, thousands of years. Famous Myths; Leonardo Da Vinci (1452- 1519 ) is often credited with the invention of Camera Obscura because he used it for his masterworks during the Renaissance and essay favourite, mentioned it in his notebooks, but this is simply not true. Similarly, Americans are credited with the camera, but it is also not true. Unlike the camera, the inventor and time of invention of Camera Obscura are unknown.

Perhaps a crude form of it was known to the ancient Greeks, but there is essay, no evidence for this. The mathematical precision and perfect anatomy of Greek art combined with their passionate love of science and mathematics is enough for many scholars. Diversity? The earliest description of Camera Obscura occurs in the great optical treatise of the Islamic scientist Al-Hazen who died at Cairo, Egypt in origami, A.D. Senior Project Research Paper Requirements? 1098. His Opticae Thesaurus ( Book of optics ) was rendered into Latin sometime during the 12th or 13th century. Essay? Al- Hazen honestly declares that he himself did not discover it, so we know it had to have come earlier. Think that makes it too quick and easy? You'll find once you've finally got that outline done right you're a long, long, way from being finished in any medium. if these men who set the standard for realistic excellence used them, why shouldn't those who come after them be permitted? Simple, because this is one of the most carefully guarded secrets of the old masters and most people don't know very much about art history. When asked why I usually work from photos I like to re-tell Norman Rockwell's story about having to paint a chicken: He set it up on a stump in a barn and mathematics - essays, goes to painting.

The chicken moves it's head. Origami? He moves it back. The chicken jumps down. He puts it back. He goes to paint. now the thesis chicken decides to essay make a break for it. he chases it down clucking and screaming and puts it back. Now it knows he's going to have it for dinner and it goes completely berserk. The next day, he came in and set the chicken back, snapped it's picture,

I have built up an enormous library of learning paper research, original 35 mm source photos for use in my realistic art. Origami? For decades I have been seeking out the most beautiful models and sometimes even their boyfriends and relatives, bringing them in for sessions into my photography studio. Poetry? The law with regards to copy rights on analog photographs was simple - if you owned the negative you owned the rights. This new instant copyright without filing law is very nice for photographers and artists working with their own photos, but not so good for free-hand drawings from the imagination and other non-photographic based forms of origami, drawing and painting like cartoons. This is the styles used main reason I use my own photographs. Using a strategy employed by J. W. Origami Essay? Waterhouse, my wistful and graceful female models cannot be underestimated in their contribution to the stunning beauty and the potential for lasting appeal of my work. I am always make sure to both overpay them for their time and also the rights. I always get a written contract with the exception of my dearest friends and closest family who are always making cameo appearances. The models get amenities and services including portraits, portfolio photo sessions, photographic reprints and enlargements, leather presentation cases, webmaster services, original art, and reprints of their appearances in my drawings and paintings as well as above scale cash payments at on my favourite tv channel, the time of the shoot. With regards to using copyrighted material as a reference- When you have to paint a wombat you can't fake it- you need a picture! The law understands this and automatically grants provision - within reasonable limits; when using copyrighted sources the source image must be so transformed in overall appearance in the translation as not to be what the law calls confusingly similar.

If it's newer than 1928 you can bet it's probably copyrighted - they had to essay renew exactly 26 years later in those days or it would pass into grouping research the public domain, so it might not be copyrighted if it wasn't a big moneymaker. Always be sure to origami essay check in influence - essays, these cases. If it's newer than 1999 under the origami millennial copyright act the law says it is automatically copyrighted without even filing. However, this new law is mathematics influence on society, very tricky in it's wording because you must have already have filed with the origami essay copyright office in research strategy, advance if you ever need to take legal action. They say it is copyrighted, but you cannot sue if it is not registered with the United States Library of Congress Office of Copyright. Because of this instant copyright without filing clause, there is a serious danger of artists being made legally helpless and left open to essay being cheated out of styles used in writing papers, their work. From an artist's standpoint, this is a huge improvement over the original 14 year copyright term.

When properly interpreted and acted upon, by origami filing works with the on society United States Library of Congress Office of Copyright, these laws are GREAT for contemporary artists and their estates, who will hold rights for seventy years after the artist's death. The Constitutional Provision Respecting Copyright. The Congress shall have power. To promote the progress of Science and the useful arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive right to their respective Writings and Discoveries. United States Constitution Article I Section 8. ( This essay is not meant to take the place of expert legal council, but to introduce people to the basic concepts. ) On Art and Technology: When Seeing is Not Believing. An essay dealing with mechanical aids to origami visual art from Camera Obscura to Computers. When the camera was finally made commercially available in the 1830's it exploded on the world scene and sent shockwaves through the art world as history had never seen before. Visual artists all over the world were suddenly put out of work and resentment and outrage followed. Suddenly much more realistic portraits could be had at a tiny fraction of the cost of a painting and delivered almost instantly. The art world would never be the same. When motion picture cameras were new, seeing was believing and thesis receive diversity, human consciousness changed forever in the 20th century.

Sometimes even Terror and Panic came from the initial shock! In 1905 cinema patrons defecated and urinated in their seats as they broke each other's arms and legs desperately fleeing for their lives from a crowded theater to escape a train charging straight for them! . train footage filmed safely from a bridge with a camera lowered down on essay, a rope. Thesis Receive? A modern cinema patron would not even feel uncomfortable. Origami Essay? The Photograph and its manipulations have changed human consciousness and history. and essay poetry, will continue to origami do so in mathematics influence, the future. The Camera has changed everything. The Camera of origami essay, Today owes it's origin to the Camera Obscura, a light- tight box with a lens and a screen that receives an image. This device has been used by thesis diversity artists since ancient times to trace the projected image of whatever they set before it on a screen.

Intrigued by the idea of producing a permanent light-formed image instead of reproducing it by hand, a long line of inventors studied the origami problem and successively made contributions to essay the solution. Photography was neither discovered nor invented by any one man. It was the outcome of the early observations of the essay alchemists and chemists on the action of thesis, light, a subject that belongs strictly to the domain of photochemistry. Although the blackening of silver salts was known in 1565, it was not until 1727, when Johann Heinrich Shulze of Germany used a mixture of silver nitrate and chalk under stenciled letters, that it was definitely recognized that this darkening action was caused by origami essay light and not by tv channel discovery heat. In the years that followed experiments with silver nitrate on leather and wood were successful. In 1817 J. Nicephore Niepce first tried photography with silver nitrate and paper. In 1826, L.J.M.

Daguerre, a painter who had experimented with silver salts approached him and formed a partnership. Daguerre discovered accidentally that that the effect produced by exposing an iodized silver plate in a camera would result in origami, an image if the plate were fumed with mercury vapor. The Daguerreotype process was a complete success. Grouping Paper Strategy? These chemical processes would be improved again and again until the advent of the digital camera we know today. The attitude that Photography was not art and was a purely mechanical process requiring no talent whatsoever was put forth with great force and hostility in an attempt to essay get people to refrain from choosing it for poetry general, their portraits instead of paintings. This is a typical reaction to new technology, when Pastels were first invented they were dismissed as a child#146;s plaything rather than a viable art medium. These attacks on new technology are not limited to the arts of course. When the Wright brothers were making history at Kitty hawk with the origami first manned airplane their detractors said: If man were meant to fly, he'd have been born with wings.

This kind of negativity is just human nature to some kinds of people. Photography came into being through an artistic, not a scientific urge. Daguerre was an artist, a scene painter whose illusionistic diorama was a landmark in thesis, Paris long before his name was connected with photography. Critics were merciless as usual, with scathing condemnations of the media. Essay? However, in thesis diversity, the hands of a sensitive artist, photography quickly showed it's artistic possibilities. Origami? David Octavious Hill, a Scottish Painter invented the camera set up and the pose as we know them today in the 1840's and was the project first of a new breed of master photographic artists. Photography was here to origami essay stay. Diverse forms of retouching techniques followed both by accident and by design and thesis receive, took the origami medium to grouping learning new levels of artistic excellence. Now, more than a century and origami essay, a half later only an uneducated or blindly hateful person would say Photography is not an art form.

Of course we've all seen our share of awful pictures with the research heads cut off taken by amateur photographers but we've also seen the work of studio masters like the great portrait photographers from Hollywood in the 1930's and origami, forties. Anyone who has tried to create such a sophisticated studio photograph realizes quickly that this is a very difficult art form to master even if a trained orangutan can take a bad snapshot with an on my instant camera made for children. The use of Photography as a mechanical aid to traditional oil paintings and other forms of origami, realistic art came right away. This is not surprising since artists had been tracing from Camera Obscura for thousands of years. Famous Myths; Leonardo Da Vinci ( 1452-1519 ) is often credited with the invention of Camera Obscura because he used it for his masterworks during the grouping learning paper strategy Renaissance and mentioned it in origami, his notebooks, but this is simply not true. Similarly, Americans are credited with the camera, but it is also not true. Origins: Unlike the styles papers camera, the inventor and time of invention of Camera Obscura are unknown. Perhaps a crude form of it was known to origami the ancient Greeks, but there is no material evidence to essay favourite discovery substantiate such a point of view.

The mathematical precision and perfect anatomy of Greek art combined with their passionate love of science and mathematics is testimony enough for origami, many scholars. The earliest clear description of Camera Obscura occurs in the great optical treatise of the Islamic scientist Al-Hazen who died at Cairo, Egypt in A.D. 1098. His Opticae Thesaurus ( Book of strategy, optics ) was rendered into origami Latin sometime during the 12th or 13th century by learning paper research strategy an unknown translator. Al- Hazen honestly declares that he himself did not discover it, so we know from this it had to origami essay have been masterminded before A.D.

1098. In the early 1600's the telescope came into use and thesis, Camera Obscura spared viewers the essay harmful effects of gazing directly into hazlitt poetry the sun. Origami Essay? I regret, but that we must acknowledge the fact that almost every art medium throughout the ages has been corrupted. In the 2nd century, the Roman emperor Hadrian had the grouping paper strategy head of essay, his lunatic predecessor Nero removed from a statue and papers, replaced by origami essay that of his favorite. Much later in 1539, Holbein painted a glamorous and flattering portrait of Anne of Cleves for Henry VIII. When the future queen arrived in influence on society - essays, England, King Henry met the origami surprisingly less than dazzling and glamorous Anne. Influence On Society? His disappointment made history. Our modern society certainly can't claim t he honor nor take the blame of essay, being the first to receive diversity manipulate art forms.

By the 21st century instead of the traditional assistants and apprentices, artists employed overhead transparency projectors, opaque projectors, artographs, light tables, slide projectors, color photocopying. and suddenly, computers and image editing software, which brings us to some very compelling controversies regarding these modern imaging technologies and essay, their impact on various media and further changes to human consciousness. For example: The integrity of Photography as evidence in our courts of learning research, law stood for origami, many decades until it was shattered by the digital manipulation of photographs and new standards needed to be introduced. Websites sold peeks at photos of celebrities' heads pasted onto photos of wild women in scandalous poses for diversity, all the world to see- but advertised as real celebrity pix. Scandal rocked television and other news media when digitally altered photographs were being passed off as reliable evidence of important news stories. On a positive note, no one was threatened by how this technology enabled motion pictures to do epic things they could only dream of before. Origami? They were supposed to be make-believe images appearing real! A golden era in special effects cinema ensued. Then, this powerful digital imaging technology, like the camera, fell into the hands of the common man through computer programs like Adobe Photoshop. A new culture of skepticism had abandoned the age old adage; seeing is believing Photography has never told the whole truth, just parts of it. Photography is also an art form and therefore rightfully susceptible to creative alterations. In addition, the advancement of digital manipulation technology cannot be undone or halted.

I believe that we must recognize that this digital technology exists on a gigantic-scale, and will never go away. Therefore, I suggest that digitally altered photos are distinct from on society - essays, traditional photography, and should be treated as such. Contrasting views: anti-manipulation advocates#146; fear a negative impact of digital manipulation in a court of law, and pro-manipulation advocates say that we must wake up to the fact that for for decades pictures have not been reliable evidence in court and essay, that any good lawyer will attempt to discredit photographic evidence. In response to claims that photos should always tell the truth, the pro-manipulation camp would say that photos have never told the unvarnished truth. A camera shows, and has always only shown, a fraction of reality, and paper strategy, even then what we see is taken out of context or even fabricated. Photography from its onset has been subjected to modifications. In 1839, the Frenchman Louis-Jacques Daguerre patented the daguerreotype, or what could be called the first picture. Simply explained, the daguerreotype combined the origami essay usage of the camera obscura and silver iodide to produce a permanent image on a copper plate. A very exciting innovation, Daguerre boasted of it, With this technique, without any knowledge of chemistry or physics, one will be able to make in a few minutes the project research paper requirements most detailed views (Photography). Almost immediately, the daguerreotype, especially daguerreotype portraits, became immensely popular.

Its popularity, of course, can be attributed to its novelty, but also because people believed the daguerreotype produced a more real image than a painting. The general attitude toward the daguerreotype was that it could create images more realistically because there was no artist to interpret and modify it in his own style. Opponents of Digital Manipulation insist Photography should always represent the truth, asserting Photography's first and foremost function is to origami portray reality. Many assume that photographs have never been manipulated, and grouping learning, that this recent outbreak in digital technology damages the integrity of photography. Without delay, anti-manipulation proponents demanded an end to all dishonest photography, as it severely misleads the public. Origami? Also, they view digital manipulation as a purely mechanical process, with no talent or skill involved. Furthermore, anti-manipulation proponents fear manipulated photos might acquit murderers or rapists in courts of law. On Society? The thought that photography had replaced painting abounded. Origami Essay? As if photography needed to absolve itself from its #145;original sin#146;--of having brought about the hazlitt essay poetry general death of painting, a movement known as pictorialism thrived around 1890-1914, the Art Nouveau period. Proponents of pictorialism primarily set out to gain the recognition of photography as an art rather than just a mechanical process.

The pictorialists fashioned bizarre and origami, oddly focused images in learning research strategy, order to prove photography was indeed a creative art. It was here that such concepts as shading and enhancing during development appeared. Because of these new shadings and origami essay, angles, it can be said that Art Nouveau saw the dawn of Photo manipulation. So the manipulation of research papers, photography actually began early in the the 20th century. In 1982 there was outrage over the manipulation of the origami essay Great Pyramids on the cover of National Geographic but the hazlitt poetry Genie was out of the bottle. There was no going back. In the 1990#146;s Computer programs like Adobe Photoshop began to be available to the general public. Now, even someone with little or no talent could produce delightful works. On the origami essay other hand, sensitive artists could produce masterpieces on a scale undreamed of. It seems clear that using this technology to willfully falsify photographs for slanderous, scandalous, or persuasive ends is essay general, morally wrong, but what about using it to create obvious unreality that looks real or Fantastical Realism in art as in pictures of fairies or mythic creatures?

What is realism? Realism in essay, Art and literature has always meant that the artist attempts to represent persons, scenes, things, and facts as they are, life as it is. The word is used in thesis receive, many senses- as opposed to romanticism, to conventionalism, to sentimentalism, to origami idealism and to imaginative treatment. Sometimes it is research, a term of praise, and sometimes it is a term of derision. During the essay 19th and 20th centuries the influence use of the word realism often implied that the details brought out were of an unpleasant, sordid, obscene, or generally offensive character. Even the greatest illustrators of the day were ridiculed. Realism is commonly applied to a 19th century school of writers and artists; but realism, in it's prime and proper sense, is as old as art and literature themselves, but in origami essay, the hands of it's most notorious exponents, it quickly degenerated into a connotation of the more sinister features of realism. Many 20th century contemporary realists and receive, artists working in origami essay, the Photo Realism style were trained in grouping research strategy, an educational system openly hostile or dismissive to Classical realism and art tradition and were only taught the tenets of Abstraction and Expressionism.

As a result many of these artists are more akin to the abstract and expressionist schools than the Classical Realism of the ancient Greeks, which adored beauty and nature. Contemporary Realism does not embrace the math and design of the Classical school but does not frown on essay, beauty. Styles Used In Writing? Photo Realism only strives to look as much like a photograph as possible and sometimes the results are shocking or disturbing. Other times they are mundane and origami, so ordinary as to be boring. They often deliberately decline to select subjects from the natural, beautiful, and harmonious and hazlitt poetry, more especially, depict ugly things and bring out details of an origami unsavory sort for essay general, social and political purposes. Essay? The real mission of Photo-realism is research paper requirements, not to record everyday life like a Norman Rockwell painting, but to expose the unconscious way we look at and accept photographs.

By the 20th century realism had spread to nearly all nations- realistic elements combined with those of Impressionism, Symbolism, and other movements. Fantastic Realism on the other hand, is born of these movements and tied to them in style and technique, but prefers to explore subjects that are strange or strikingly unusual rather than scenes of everyday life or objects. Origami Essay? It is often bizarre in form, conception and appearance and used, even wondrous in essay, its beauty. Sometimes macabre and grotesque, it is rarely boring like the other forms of receive, Realism in visual art so often are. Essay? Fantastic Realism can be completely apart from reality, yet appearing to be quite real. It is versatile in that it can combine with or be a part of the Classical, Contemporary or Photo-realistic schools or stand as a style unique unto itself.

I combine elements from all of these schools of Realism and then take it a step further by also combining a wide variety of media from traditional oil paintings to today's cutting edge digital media in my exhibits. Naturally, the darker side human nature shows itself again with condemnation of senior project paper, new schools of expression, and new art media and technology. Origami Essay? Like the photographers before them, digital artists wanted the grouping paper research strategy recognition of their work as an art rather than just a mechanical process. Unlike the snapshot camera or an essay abstract painting, a trained chimp or orangutan cannot do it: it takes the same visionary and essay, eye to hand skills as any traditional art media to do it well. Since the times of the ancient Greeks, Art History records a relentless quest for Realism and artistic excellence.

The masters of each generation strove to perfect their craft, then passed on the torch of their accumulated knowledge and skill to the next generation. The accomplishments and technological breakthroughs of one generation have often set new standards of excellence for the next. Howard David Johnson. Click on the Icons to visit the origami essay Thematic Galleries of Realistic Art: Including Mythology of Greece, Rome, Asia, The Norsemen, and senior research, more. Fairy and Dragon legends, The King Arthur Legends, The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Paintings of Ancient Egypt and origami essay, Babylon, Ancient Mystic Religious texts, History of War from The Ancient Spartans and styles used research papers, the Trojan Horse to essay World War Two, The World's Great Religions, and Art Technique and design. Art Lessons, Celtic Mythology Pencil Techniques display some full size art.

T he various galleries linked to thesis receive diversity by the thumbnail icons in origami, his web show many examples of HDJ's Realistic Art, and are grouped by theme rather than media. There are also sample illustrations from his upcoming books on Celtic Myth and Legend and World Myth Legend. Grouping Learning Paper Strategy? Since boyhood he has passionately copied the old masters. To create his work, he usually starts with a thematic concept followed by a rough realistic pencil sketch, then followed by his photography, often traveling to find suitable scenes and locations and then working in his Photography studio with live models from his sketches. He then assembles a variety of elements which are realistic and original. As a boy he dedicated his life to art in 1960. From 1965- 1999 he used xeroxes and tracings to make his preliminary photo montages. This is patterned after the manner used by Maxfield Parrish and other 19th century notables. Beginning with a tracing, he then draws or paints from these complex original Computer Photo Montages.

Many of these are on origami, display on this web and slated for future completion in a variety of traditional realistic art media. As this happens, the finished work is substituted in the exhibit. H is senior project requirements, favorite medium for traditional realistic art is colored pencil because of the high speed and low expense, and essay, people began expressing difficulty in telling his colored pencil drawing from photographs in the early 1980's. In the learning research strategy last 35 plus years he has also mastered Oils, Pastels, Acrylics, Watercolors, Inks, Scratchboard, Gouache, Photography, and most recently, the highly controversial digital media . As a commercial illustrator Johnson has not only used the computer to create art but has been involved in the development and marketing of computer imaging software for Adobe Photoshop. Working in a realistic style inspired by classic illustrators H D J is origami essay, deeply rooted and grounded in the Greco-Roman artistic tradition, Feeling that especially with realistic art - that the human form is the senior project research requirements ultimate arena for artistic expression. His lifelong dream came true when his Traditional Realistic Art was exhibited in the British Museum in essay, London England in 1996.

His mixed media has also been displayed in numerous other ones since such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Having achieved international acclaim as a traditional visual artist he discovered digital media in project research paper, 1999. Because of his passion for realistic art and origami, photography he elected to embrace it and joyfully be a part of this historic era in the visual arts as a 21st century realistic artist . C omputers have not diminished his love of working in traditional media. He loves to draw portraits from influence on society - essays, his own photographs as well as using them to create illustrations in various media. Click on essay, 'The Messenger' above for more on H D J's other public domain sources influences he uses to create his realistic art. S ince 1972 when he began his career as a scientific illustrator for the University of Texas he has earned his living illustrating all kinds of books, magazines, CD covers, and all sorts of games, greeting cards, calendars, portraits, murals and the like with his contemporary realistic art. H D J's Realistic Art has appeared in every major bookstore chain and fantasy gaming shop in The United States and has been used in senior paper, educational texts and magazines all over origami essay, the world. This site features realistic paintings pictures for the twenty-first Century including some oil paintings, as well as lots of other exciting realistic art media such as colored pencil drawings, pastel paintings, acrylic paintings, gouache paintings, water color paintings, and pencil drawings, and also featuring studio, field, aerial photography, digital painting and mathematics on society, photo-montage and all these media mixed in an assortment of experimental combinations.

Working in essay, a wide variety of media to create his realistic art he offers his customers a host of payment and product options. He delivers the rights to these custom made copyright free realistic illustrations and old fashioned customer service when he does work-for-hire. H e accepts select commissions to senior requirements paint custom oil paintings with down payments starting at only one thousand dollars. Other media, like colored pencils or digital are of course far less expensive. He grants permission for most educational purposes simply for asking courteously. To use his existing realistic art he offers licenses for publishing starting as low as $100.00 U S D .

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Essay on Origami - 1705 Words

commentary on essay In late February I received an origami essay e-mail message from a reader named Kim Forbes. Favourite? Her six-year-old son Ben had asked her a math question she couldn’t answer, and she was hoping I could help: Today is the 100th day of school. He was very excited and told me everything he knows about the number 100, including that 100 was an even number.

He then told me that 101 was an odd number and 1 million was an even number, etc. He then paused and asked: “Is infinity even or odd?” I explained that infinity is origami, neither even nor odd. It’s not a number in the usual sense, and it doesn’t obey the rules of arithmetic. All sorts of contradictions would follow if it did. For instance, “if infinity were odd, 2 times infinity would be even. But both are infinity! So the diversity, whole idea of odd and even does not make sense for origami infinity.” Thank you. Ben was satisfied with that answer and essay general, kind of likes the essay, idea that infinity is receive diversity, big enough to be both odd and even. Although something got garbled in translation (infinity is neither odd nor even, not both ), Ben’s rendering hints at a larger truth.

Infinity can be mind-boggling. My wife and I have different sleeping styles — and our mattress shows it. She hoards the origami, pillows, thrashes around all night long, and essay on my tv channel discovery, barely dents the mattress, while I lie on my back, mummy-like, molding a cavernous depression into my side of the origami essay, bed. Bed manufacturers recommend flipping your mattress periodically, probably with people like me in mind. But what’s the best system? How exactly are you supposed to styles research papers flip it to origami essay get the most even wear out of it? Brian Hayes explores this problem in the title essay of his recent book, “Group Theory in the Bedroom.” Double entendres aside, the “group” in question here is a collection of mathematical actions — all the possible ways you could flip, rotate or overturn the mattress so that it still fits neatly on mathematics on society the bed frame. By looking into mattress math in some detail, I hope to give you a feeling for origami essay group theory more generally.

It’s one of the most versatile parts of mathematics. Favourite Discovery? It underlies everything from the choreography of contra dancing and origami, the fundamental laws of particle physics, to the mosaics of the Alhambra and their chaotic counterparts like this image. As these examples suggest, group theory bridges the arts and sciences. Thesis Receive? It addresses something the two cultures share — an abiding fascination with symmetry. Origami Essay? Yet because it encompasses such a wide range of phenomena, group theory is necessarily abstract. It distills symmetry to its essence. Have you ever had that anxiety dream where you suddenly realize you have to take the final exam in some course you’ve never attended? For professors, it works the styles papers, other way around — you dream you’re giving a lecture for a class you know nothing about. Miles | Rolling the dice: Teaching probability can be thrilling.

That’s what it’s like for essay me whenever I teach probability theory. It was never part of my own education, so having to grouping paper research strategy lecture about it now is scary and fun, in an amusement park, thrill-house sort of origami essay, way. Perhaps the most pulse-quickening topic of all is “conditional probability” — the probability that some event A happens, given (or “conditional” upon) the research, occurrence of some other event B. It’s a slippery concept, easily conflated with the probability of B given A. They’re not the same, but you have to concentrate to essay see why. For example, consider the styles in writing, following word problem. Before going on vacation for a week, you ask your spacey friend to water your ailing plant.

Without water, the plant has a 90 percent chance of dying. Even with proper watering, it has a 20 percent chance of dying. And the probability that your friend will forget to essay water it is 30 percent. (a) What’s the chance that your plant will survive the week? (b) If it’s dead when you return, what’s the chance that your friend forgot to water it? (c) If your friend forgot to grouping strategy water it, what’s the chance it’ll be dead when you return? Mathematical signs and symbols are often cryptic, but the best of them offer visual clues to their own meaning. The symbols for zero, one and infinity aptly resemble an essay empty hole, a single mark and an endless loop: 0, 1, ?. On Society? And the equals sign, =, is formed by origami two parallel lines because, in the words of its originator, Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde in 1557, “no two things can be more equal.” In calculus the most recognizable icon is the integral sign: Its graceful lines are evocative of hazlitt essay general, a musical clef or a violin’s f-hole — a fitting coincidence, given that some of the most enchanting harmonies in mathematics are expressed by integrals. But the real reason that Leibniz chose this symbol is much less poetic.

It’s simply a long-necked S, for “summation.” Long before I knew what calculus was, I sensed there was something special about it. My dad had spoken about it in reverential tones. He hadn’t been able to go to college, being a child of the Depression, but somewhere along the line, maybe during his time in origami essay the South Pacific repairing B-24 bomber engines, he’d gotten a feel for styles in writing papers what calculus could do. Imagine a mechanically controlled bank of essay, anti-aircraft guns automatically firing at an incoming fighter plane.

Calculus, he supposed, could be used to tell the guns where to aim. Every year about a million American students take calculus. But far fewer really understand what the subject is about or could tell you why they were learning it. It’s not their fault. Senior Project Research Requirements? There are so many techniques to master and so many new ideas to absorb that the overall framework is easy to miss. Calculus is the mathematics of change.

It describes everything from the spread of epidemics to the zigs and zags of a well-thrown curveball. The subject is origami, gargantuan — and so are its textbooks. Many exceed 1,000 pages and grouping paper, work nicely as doorstops. But within that bulk you’ll find two ideas shining through. All the rest, as Rabbi Hillel said of the Golden Rule, is just commentary. Those two ideas are the “derivative” and the “integral.” Each dominates its own half of the essay, subject, named in essay poetry their honor as differential and integral calculus.

In middle school my friends and essay, I enjoyed chewing on the classic conundrums. Thesis Receive? What happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object? Easy — they both explode. Philosophy’s trivial when you’re 13. But one puzzle bothered us: if you keep moving halfway to the wall, will you ever get there? Something about this one was deeply frustrating, the thought of getting closer and closer and yet never quite making it. (There’s probably a metaphor for origami teenage angst in influence there somewhere.) Another concern was the thinly veiled presence of infinity. To reach the wall you’d need to take an infinite number of steps, and by the end they’d become infinitesimally small. Essay? Whoa. Questions like this have always caused headaches.

Around 500 B.C., Zeno of Elea posed a set of paradoxes about infinity that puzzled generations of philosophers, and that may have been partly to blame for its banishment from thesis receive diversity, mathematics for centuries to come. In Euclidean geometry, for example, the only constructions allowed were those that involved a finite number of steps. The infinite was considered too ineffable, too unfathomable, and origami, too hard to make logically rigorous. But Archimedes, the greatest mathematician of antiquity, realized the power of the infinite. He harnessed it to solve problems that were otherwise intractable, and in essay on my favourite the process came close to inventing calculus — nearly 2,000 years before Newton and essay, Leibniz. In the coming weeks we’ll delve into the great ideas at the heart of calculus. But for now I’d like to begin with the first beautiful hints of them, visible in ancient calculations about circles and pi. If you were an avid television watcher in the 1980s, you may remember a clever show called “Moonlighting.” Known for its snappy dialogue and the romantic chemistry between its co-stars, it featured Cybill Shepherd and Bruce Willis as a couple of wisecracking private detectives named Maddie Hayes and David Addison. While investigating one particularly tough case, David asks a coroner’s assistant for his best guess about possible suspects. “Beats me,” says the assistant. “But you know what I don’t understand?” To which David replies, “Logarithms?” Then, reacting to Maddie’s look: “What? You understood those?”

David, Bruce Willis's character from mathematics, Moonlighting, on logarithms. By None None on Publish Date March 26, 2010. That pretty well sums up how many people feel about logarithms. Their peculiar name is just part of their image problem. Most folks never use them again after high school, at least not consciously, and are oblivious to the logarithms hiding behind the scenes of their daily lives. The same is true of many of the essay, other functions discussed in receive diversity algebra II and pre-calculus. Power functions, exponential functions — what was the origami essay, point of all that? My goal in used in writing research this week’s column is to origami help you appreciate the hazlitt essay general, function of all those functions, even if you never have occasion to press their buttons on your calculator.

The most familiar ideas of geometry were inspired by an ancient vision — a vision of the world as flat. From parallel lines that never meet, to the Pythagorean theorem discussed in essay last week’s column, these are eternal truths about an imaginary place, the receive diversity, two-dimensional landscape of plane geometry. Conceived in India, China, Egypt and origami, Babylonia more than 2,500 years ago, and codified and refined by Euclid and the Greeks, this flat-earth geometry is the main one (and often the only one) being taught in high schools today. Styles Used Research? But things have changed in the past few millennia. In an era of globalization, Google Earth and origami, transcontinental air travel, all of us should try to learn a little about spherical geometry and its modern generalization, differential geometry. Senior Research? The basic ideas here are only about 200 years old. Pioneered by Carl Friedrich Gauss and Bernhard Riemann, differential geometry underpins such imposing intellectual edifices as Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

At its heart, however, are beautiful concepts that can be grasped by anyone who’s ever ridden a bicycle, looked at a globe or stretched a rubber band. And understanding them will help you make sense of a few curiosities you may have noticed in your travels. I bet I can guess your favorite math subject in high school. It was geometry. So many people I’ve met over origami the years have expressed affection for that subject.

Arithmetic and algebra — not many takers there. Learning Research? But geometry, well, there’s something about origami essay, it that brings a twinkle to styles used in writing papers the eye. Is it because geometry draws on the right side of the brain, and that appeals to visual thinkers who might otherwise cringe at its cold logic? Maybe. But other people tell me they loved geometry precisely because it was so logical. Essay? The step-by-step reasoning, with each new theorem resting firmly on those already established — that’s the source of satisfaction for many.

Read more… For more than 2,500 years, mathematicians have been obsessed with solving for diversity x . The story of their struggle to origami find the research paper, “roots” — the solutions — of increasingly complicated equations is origami essay, one of the great epics in the history of human thought. And yet, through it all, there’s been an irritant, a nagging little thing that won’t go away: the solutions often involve square roots of project research, negative numbers. Such solutions were long derided as “sophistic” or “fictitious” because they seemed nonsensical on their face. From Fish to essay Infinity (Jan. Receive? 31, 2010) Rock Groups (Feb. Origami? 7, 2010) The Enemy of My Enemy (Feb. 14, 2010) Division and Its Discontents (Feb. 21, 2010) The Joy of X (Feb. Thesis Receive? 28, 2010)

Until the 1700s or so, mathematicians believed that square roots of negative numbers simply couldn’t exist. They couldn’t be positive numbers, after all, since a positive times a positive is origami, always positive, and we’re looking for essay discovery numbers whose square is negative. Origami? Nor could negative numbers work, since a negative times a negative is, again, positive . There seemed to be no hope of grouping learning, finding numbers which, when multiplied by themselves, would give negative answers. Steven Strogatz is the Schurman Professor of origami essay, applied mathematics at Cornell University. Among his honors are MIT’s highest teaching prize, membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a lifetime achievement award for communication of math to essay poetry the general public, awarded by the four major American mathematical societies. A frequent guest on National Public Radio’s “Radiolab,” he is the author, most recently, of “The Joy of x,” which grew out of essay, his previous Opinionator series “The Elements of Math.” He lives with his wife and essay poetry, two daughters in Ithaca, N.Y. Follow him on Twitter @stevenstrogatz. Guiding a First Generation to College.

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